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This Essay Is On Downs Syndrom. It Has Causes Of The Disease, Different Treatments And How Families Cope With The Disease

534 words - 3 pages

Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring genetic condition in the world. One in every 800 births is a child with Down syndrome, which is approximately 5,000 births per year in the United States alone. Today, Down syndrome affects more than 350,000 people in the United States, and grows every day.Down syndrome is usually caused by an error in cell division called non-disjunction. Normally, at the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome, for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. This added chromosome alters the course of ...view middle of the document...

Other symptoms that are more physical are flat facial features, with a small nose, upward slant to the eyes, small skin folds on the inner corner of the eyes, extra space between the big toe and the second toe, enlarged tongue that tends to stick outThere are three different types of Down's syndrome. The most common type is called Trisomy 21. This type usually occurs to mothers that are over the age of 35 when giving birth. Even though no one knows for sure why Down syndrome occurs and there's no way to avoid the chromosomal fault that causes it, scientists do know that women of age 35 and older have a higher risk of having a child with the condition.Besides having a different physical appearance, children with Down syndrome often have detailed health-related problems. A lowered immune system makes these children more prone to respiratory problems. Visual troubles such as crossed eyes and far- or nearsightedness are higher in those with Down syndrome.As far as mental retardation, nearly all born with Down's Syndrome will have some form of retardation. But the level varies greatly. In some it is mild to moderate mental retardation and in others it is severe. But, the good news now is that with today's early therapeutic intervention children with Down's Syndrome are believed to be capable of much more than they once were. Children with Down's Syndrome can develop and learn throughout their life. They will always be able to go forward in learning, just at a slower pace. Learning does not stop in adulthood as some people have been led to believe about Down's Syndrome. As long as they have an opportunity to learn.

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