This Is An Overview Of Poetry And Its Different Types

672 words - 3 pages

Poetry has numerous meanings to people. Authors use various writing techniques to relate meanings of poems. According to Bedford/ St. Martin "Part of what makes poetry interesting is its indirectness, its refusal to state something simply as the way it is." W.H. Auden's "Stop All the Clocks, Cut Off the Telephone," John Updike's "Ex-Basketball Player" and Donald Hall's "My Son, My Executioner" use irony, symbolism and hyperboles to show the meaning of their poems.Irony is important to poets to relay the meaning of their poems. Irony refers to a difference between the way something appears and what is actually true. Auden uses a little irony in his poem. The speaker is ironic in that the wishes certainly cannot be fulfilled. Updike uses irony in his poem by talking about the ex-basketball player. Updike tells how good Flick Webb was at basketball, but ironically he ...view middle of the document...

Poets use symbolism to represent something by association in their poems.Auden uses symbols in his poem by saying, "Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone" (Auden 541). This phrase symbolizes time because the speaker thinks time should stop since her lover died. In Hall's poem he calls his son, "my executioner"(Hall 682). "Executioner" is a symbol suggesting that the author feels as if he is dying because a new life is born, his son, and it makes him feel old. Updike uses symbolism by writing, " Just nods, beyond her face toward bright applauding tiers of Necco Wafers, Nibs, and Juju Beads"(Updike 668). This line in the poem symbolizes the man is looking at the candy bars as if he is looking at people in stands.Poets also use hyperboles to relate meaning in their poems. Auden uses hyperbole in his poem by writing, "The stars are not wanted now: put out every one" (Auden 541). He is exaggerating the fact that the speaker wants everything to stop and the stars to go away because her lover died. Updike uses hyperbole in his poem by comparing the basketball player to gas pumps. Updike is exaggerating his description to get his point across. Hall is using hyperbole when writing, "My son, my executioner" (Hall 682). Hall does not want this line taken literally. He is just comparing them.Figures of speech play a vastly important part in poetry. It takes readers beyond the literal meaning of the words. W.H. Auden's "Stop All the Clocks, Cut Off the Telephone," John Updike's "Ex-Basketball Player" and Donald Hall's "My Son, My Executioner" use figurative language such as irony, symbols, and hyperboles to relate the meanings of their poems.Works CitedAuden, W.H. "Stop All the Clocks, Cut Off the Telephone." Kirsner and Mandell. 541.Bedford and St. Martin. VirtualLit: Elements of Poetry. 16 April 2002Hall, Donald. "My Son, My Executioner." Kirsner and Mandell. 682-683.Kirsner, Laurie, and Stephen Mandell. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Compact 4th ed. Fort Worth: Harcour and Brace, 2000.Updike, John. "Ex-Basketball Player." Kirsner and Mandell. 668.

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