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Thomas Hobbes Essay

699 words - 3 pages

COMMONWEALTH

Thomas Hobbes’ political thought reflected the new political forces that were transforming Westhern Europe. He saw the agonies of civil war including the execution of Charles I. When he joined the war, he accused the parliament and militant religious leaders for destroying royal soveignity and exposition of Civil War. Because of that reason, Hobbes who was affected by Galileo’s mathematical physic, aimed to build a political philosophy on a scientific fonUdation . thus he decided to write Leviathan. In a part of Leviathan which is ‘Commonwealth’, he illustreted the causes, definiton and form of commonwealth with explaining sovereign rights. First of all, for ...view middle of the document...

On the other hand, people can accept the sovereign power with an agreement without any force. MOREOVER, he believes in three kinds of government which consist of monarchy, democracy and aristocracy. As fort he book; “When the representative is one man, then is the Commonwealth a monarchy; when an assembly of all that will come together, then it is a democracy, or popular Commonwealth; when an assembly of a part only, then it is called an aristocracy.” he supported absolute monarchy and dismissed the idea advanced by other theorits absolutism that the monarch’s power derived from God; for Hobbes the state was not god creation. Because he analysed the medieval outlook over the political concept because he did not support the idea of seperation of power. During the middle Ages, kings had to share political power with feudal lords, the clergy, free cities and representative assemblies. The central authority was reduced. People saw themselves as members of an estate which were clergy, aristocracy or commeners rather than citizens of state, which means the sovereign must have supreme and...

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