|The River Nile
The Nile is the great river of northeast Africa. It begins in well-watered regions near the equator and flows northward across the terrible Sahara Desert before it empties into the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is 6825 km or 4100 miles long and is the longest river on earth. Only the Amazon River of South America rivals the length of the Nile. Both the source of the White Nile in Equatorial Africa and its mouth on the southern shore of the Mediterranean Sea lie within one degree of longitude. It crosses 35 degrees of latitude, a distance comparable to the width of the continental United States, and flows across regions which differ more from each other than lands ...view middle of the document...
| |It certainly touches us with its history and mystery, and its significance is not limited to the past. There is little doubt that success or failure in|
| |managing its precious waters will spell success or disaster for the peaceful development of north Africa in the 21st century. Egypt is and was the |
| |"Gift of the Nile", and its gifts of water and rich Ethiopian mud nurtured a civilization that flourished for almost 3000 years before the Roman Empire|
| |began. The Nile occupies an important part of Judeo-Christian tradition, as its banks witnessed the dramas of Joseph and Moses, and the Holy Family |
| |found refuge there from Herod. Until the Aswan High Dam was constructed, the Nile rose and flooded the Nile valley every summer, and ancient people |
| |wondered why the river would swell during the hottest and driest time of the year. |
| |The Nile Valley |
| |One of the earliest civilizations to evolve also happens to be among the most famousThis civilization grew out of the peoples who inhabited the valley |
| |cut out by Africa’s Nile River. The Nile River provided an endless source of fresh water, fertile soil, and food. For thousands of miles in all |
| |directions this part of Africa is covered by the sands of the desert. The lands around the Nile River however, are quite different. Over hundreds of |
| |thousands of years flooding of...