To What Extend Were The Us Anti War Movements Responsible For Communist Victory In The Second Indochina War?

852 words - 4 pages

The American anti-war movement which opposed the Second Indochina War during the 1960’s up to the late 1970’s were responsible for the communist victory to a great extent. This was due to a number of reasons including the division of US citizens at the beginning of the war, the secrecy of the US government towards the US public, the media coverage of the war and most importantly the length of the war. These all led to a gradual rise in anti-war movements from the early 1960’s to the early 1970’s.
At the beginning of the 2nd Indochina War, the American people and the American politicians had divided views on wether US involvement in the war in Indochina was necessary, but as the US sought ...view middle of the document...

Another reason why the anti-war movements rose and eventually were partly responsible for the communist victory was the media coverage and how they portrayed the events which took place. The media and journalists portrayed the US in a very negative and inhumane way back in the US and the rest of the world. For example, in the Tet Offensive which was a surprise attack by the NVA and VC forces during New Year on the US and the embassy, the north lost many of its senior officials and it was a disaster for them. The American’s had managed the offensive very well and had gained back control of lost territory very quickly and with much fewer casualty rates then the North and VC had, but this event in the media was portrayed very differently with the disastrous effects for the US as it was made to look like a total loss and mismanagement by them. Through the media the public was also shown a live feed of a senior official shooting a VC at point blank in the head. Once the US public became aware of these events the anti-war movements grew dramatically and the doves began to hold the balance of power in government. However US involvement was still strong but people were beginning to ask questions about the US involvement.
Following the media coverage of the Tet Offensive it was obvious that the war would not end in the...

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