This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

To What Extent Did Stalin Transform The Society And Economy Of The Ussr?

2063 words - 9 pages

To what extent did Stalin transform the society and economy of the Soviet Union?

Joseph Stalin ceased power after the death of Lenin in 1924; by 1928 Stalin was a prominent figure in the Communist party and was ready to implement his transformation of the USSR. He transformed the Soviet Union to an immense degree; he brought about total change. Stalin introduced a command economy after the introduction of Socialism in one country; the command economy was when all the decisions were made only by the government and Stalin himself. Stalin felt that Russia could no longer rely on world Revolution as Lenin believed (permanent revolution). Stalin believed that priority had to be given to the ...view middle of the document...

The factories were built with the help of American Engineers who were equipped with German machinery.
The construction of massive public works was also a central part of the plan; examples of some of the schemes are the white sea-Baltic canal, the Moscow Donets Railway system, the Dnieper Hydroelectric dam, the Moscow Volga Canal and the Moscow underground, but with government emphasis on heavy industry there were widespread shortages of everyday consumer goods and food was rationed. Living standards of workers fell and targets were not met, terror was used with show trials held for managers who were accused of sabotage, for example, deliberately destroying farming machinery. Workers were severely disciplined for minor offences, they could even be sent to the Gulags.
Stalin’s other main concern was agriculture; he believed that it needed to be improved to be more efficient. He introduced Collectivization. The aim was to transfer soviet agriculture from individual farms into a system of large farms called ‘collectives’. Each collective farm was called a ‘’Kolkhoz’’, where approximately 50-100 families would be working on. Stalin believed that Collectivization would make farming more efficient, hence producing grain reserves enough to feed the growing urban workforce. The peasants resisted these policies initially as they did not want to share their land that was passed from generation to them. The state responded with its usual tactic, terror. Stalin had hatred for the Kulaks, who were the wealthier farmers. Stalin believed they were a huge problem for Russia and later he blamed them for the failure of collectivization. Stalin blamed the kulaks for resisting against his policies, Stalin said "Now we have the opportunity to carry out a resolute offensive against the kulaks, break their resistance, eliminate them as a class and replace their production with the production of kolkhozes and sovkhozes." A huge number of kulaks were killed or deported to the Gulags where they were exposed to the harsh brutality of Russian winter where it reaches very low temperatures below zero degrees. Stalin was determined to break peasant resistance and hence used famine as a state policy. His particular target was the Ukraine, the traditional bread basket of the USSR. In 1932 Stalin raised Ukraine’s quota by 44%. This meant that there would not be enough grain for the peasants to feed themselves. Under the constitution, no grain could be given to the collective farmers until the government’s quota was met. Peasants were closely monitored by the NKVD, Stalin’s secret police to make sure they do not steal grain and that their quotas were met, if not, they were severely disciplined.

The NKVD arrested millions of Russians, many of which were innocent and arrested without trial because of something as little as suspicion of being an opponent of the Communist Government. The arrests took place in the middle of the night. Anyone who had been abroad was definitely a...

Other Essays Like To What Extent Did Stalin Transform the Society and Economy of the Ussr?

To What Extent Did Breaking Code Jn-25 and Code Ultra Give Aid to the Allies in the Pacific and Atlantic Theatres of World War Two?

4794 words - 20 pages Extended Essay Group 3: History To what extent did breaking code JN-25 and code ULTRA give aid to the Allies in the Pacific and Atlantic theatres of World War Two? Word Count: 3746 Abstract: This extended essay has the subject of Code Breaking Intelligence. When studying the Second World War, the phrase ‘code breaking’ is not highlighted as a significant factor, so this investigation is to assess the contribution of code

Using the Evidence of Suetonius and Res Gestae, to What Extent Did Augustus Rely on Republican Precedent and Tradition in the Settlement of 31 and 23 Bc

4218 words - 17 pages maintaining his superiority. Augustus made the transition from Republic to Empire in a number of ways that did not cause uproar or result in anarchy for Rome and her Citizens. Augustus had first been made a member of the senate under the consulship of Gaius Pasa in 43 BC, this was where were he first received his imperium. Augustus then became a consul in 32 BC when Rome was on the brink of a Civil war, yet he did not assume solitary power and still

How and to What Extent Did War and Violence Contribute to the Definition of Chivalry as Both an Historical and Social Phenomenon?

1934 words - 8 pages How and to what extent did war and violence contribute to the definition of chivalry as both an historical and social phenomenon? It is largely acknowledged by historians that, while it is difficult to be definitive in the meaning of chivalry-with Maurice Keen believing it to be a ‘word elusive of definition’- it came to denote the culture of a martial estate which ‘regarded war as its hereditary profession’. Thus, it could be considered that

To What Extent Did The Movie, The Tuskegee Airmen, Actually Portray The Factual Nature, And Accurate Events Of The Real Tuskegee Airmen?

3779 words - 16 pages Extended EssayTo what extent did the movie, The Tuskegee Airmen, actually portray the factual nature, and accurate events of the real Tuskegee Airmen?Rashad Morris0119 062May 2009Word Count: 3229Table of ContentsTable of Contents pg 1Abstract pg 2Introduction pg 3Body pg 4-12Conclusion pg 13Bibliography pg 14AbstractThis research paper evaluates the connection between the movie, The Tuskegee Airmen and its relative portrayal of acceptable and

To What Extent Was the Rwanda Genocide and Example of Root-and-Branch Genocide?

1606 words - 7 pages To what extent was the Rwanda genocide an example of root-and-branch genocide? To what extent was the Rwanda genocide and example of root-and-branch genocide? Plan of the Investigation: While seeking for my Internal Assessment topic I came across the topic Rwandan Genocide and immediately became interested. The term genocide is a term formally used to describe the act of violence towards members of a national, ethical, racial or religious

The Main Features of the Global Economy and Examine the Extent of Interdependence Between Economies Has Affected the Australian Economy

893 words - 4 pages Economics Essay: Describe the main features of the global economy and examine the extent of interdependence between economies has affected the Australian economy. The global economy refers to the expansion of economies beyond national borders, in particular, the expansion of production by transnational corporations to many countries around the world. The global economy includes the globalization of trade, finance and communication

To What Extent Do You Agree That a Free Market Economy Is the Only Approach to Bringing About Economic Growth

2716 words - 11 pages To what extent do you agree with the view that only a free market approach to running the economy can bring about sustainable high levels of economic growth and development? The basic economic problem is that we, as consumers, have unlimited wants and scarce resources. (Anderton, 2008, p.1) Due to this, the questions of what shall be produced, how it will be produced, and who gets the product, arise. (Sandford, 1977, p.42) Therefore

To What Extent Were Poverty And Prosperity Causes Of The 1789 French Revolution?

921 words - 4 pages causes was the French social structure, the Ancient Regime. The division into three estates with different rights and duties, produced a clear situation of injustice with poverty for the greater part of the people and the extreme wealth for just a few. 1 To what extent were poverty and prosperity causes of the 1789 French Revolution? To a great extent because the prosperity of the bourgeois encouraged the poverty, peasants, to make justice for

To What Extent Does The Writer Present The Individual As Powerless In The Face Of Society In "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest"?

1615 words - 7 pages feeling powerless, in the face of society, by the other patients, by Nurse Ratched, and his mother. Also the feeling of powerlessness, leading to the extent of self-inflicted harm, fear, humiliation and even death.'If we had the g-guts! I could go outside today, if I had the guts. My m-m-mother is a good friend of M-Miss Ratched, and I could get an AMA signed this afternoon, if I had the guts!'One of the main key points Kesey is trying to show is

The Rise Of Stalin

907 words - 4 pages in ungrammatical Russian, however this worked to his advantage as he was seen as a common man. 6. Sverdlov. Sverdlov was the general secretary of the Communist party before Stalin. If he had kept that position Stalin would not have risen to power so easily and therefore would not have had enough power to bring about what he wanted. 7. Lenin. Stalin always liked to be seen as Lenin's right-hand man, this

How Does The Composer Of "Clueless" Use Film Techniques To Transform The Social, Historical And Environmental Context Of Jane Austen's "Emma" To The Modern Context Of "Clueless"?

4588 words - 19 pages guideline for the townspeople on how they should present themselves in the public eye, how they must interact with each other, and who holds what status and superiority over others. Austen describes the social setting of Emma, through the heroine's point of view in the lines "Highbury, the large and populous village almost amounting to a town, to which Hartfield, in spite of its separate lawn and shrubberies and name, did really belong, afforded her

Related Papers

Why Did Stalin Rather Than Trotsky Emerge As Leader Of The Ussr

640 words - 3 pages Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR in 1929? When Lenin died in 1924 there was no clear leader of the communist party. By 1929 Stalin had successfully managed to take power and begin his regime as leader. Here are the reasons to why Stalin beat Trotsky. Firstly many members of the communist distrusted Trotsky due to his Menshevik past and didn’t see him as a true and Loyal Bolshevik. He didn’t join to Bolshevism

To What Extent Did The Us Deterrence Successfully Contain Communism?

1237 words - 5 pages The US was determined to implement a foreign policy of containment towards the USSR since the beginning of 1945. The US disagreed to requests Stalin made at the Yalta and Potsdam conference, which served to limit Stalin's power and control over Europe. President Truman became even more concerned after receiving George Kennan's Long Telegram in February 1946. This telegram was sent by the US ambassador in Moscow, reporting on the destructive

To What Extent Did The Ww2 Change The Lives Of Black Americans?

921 words - 4 pages To what extent did the WWII change the lives of Black Americans? The Second World War has caused many changes in America. The fight against Nazis in Europe demonstrated that US suffered from the same problem of racism and the white supremacy and that something had to be done. During the wartime many African Americans had to move from Southern farms to Northern and Western cities, as there was a lack of jobs because of the increase of

To What Extent Do Male And Female Literary Characters Accurately Reflect The Role Of Men And Women In Society?

866 words - 4 pages To what extent do male and female literary characters accurately reflect the role of men and women in society? A lasting piece of literature is a work that accurately reflects the role of the people during certain time period eloquently. This is best perpetuated in the short novel Kitchen written by Banana Yoshimoto and the play The Importance of Being Ernest by Oscar Wilde. While the main characters Mikage in the novella and Gwendolyn in