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To What Extent Had The Livyes Of African Americans Lives Changed By 1945

1040 words - 5 pages

To what extent had the lives of African Americans in the USA changed by 1945?
From the late 1800’s to early 1945, the lives of African Americans both in the Northern and Southern states had improved but only to a minor extent. America in the 1800’s, was a country riddled with hypocrisy when it came to the treatment of black people, particularly in the South. The notion of the founding principals of America were that “all [people are] born with the same unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” however, this was far from reality.
There were some significant political improvements from 1863-1870 following the the Emancipation Proclamation declared by President ...view middle of the document...

An example of a specious victory won by the NAACP for African Americans was the Second Brown ruling, May 1955: a case that declared segregation unconstitutional in educational facilities and therefore, declared segregation unconstitutional in all places. Although it appeared to be a major breakthrough, integration was impeded by the school boards and court judges who were racist and 98% of black American children remained in segregated schools as a result. The Brown cases also demonstrated that the Supreme Court was sympathetic to civil rights but slow in executing a time frame for change. It was also an indication that de jour change did not lead to de facto results.
Early depictions of African American men and women were confined to demeaning stereotypical images in America as the media had played a pivotal role in reinforcing the anti-black attitudes. Films and series such as 'The Birth of a Nation' (1915), 'Gone as the wind' and 'Black-face', promoted the idea that black people were joyous, naive, superstitious, ignorant, and musically inclined. Also, African American women were often portrayed as sexual promiscuous and lewd: another stereotype that 'justified' white supremacy. However, from mid-1910s to the 1930s some film companies (some owned by black people) were established with the intention of changing the perception of black people in the media. “All-colored cast” that included positive and diverse roles for black actors and actresses eventually helped to change societies viewpoint of African Americans.African Americans in the USA received simmilar treatment yet, black Americans living in the Northern states (New York, Chicago and Los Angeles) did have a better standard of living in comparison to black Americans in the South. They were able to exercise their political rights to vote with less restriction than those in the South and they shared eating facilities and transport with white people, which had not been the case previously. In 1936 there was a significant increase in the number of black people elected to national and local government. By 1940 there were 100 black people working for the country’s government under President Roosevelt's first term.
Nevertheless, by mid 1934 over 50% of the...

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