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To What Extent Was Economic Reasons The Main Reason For The Two Countries' Separation?

756 words - 4 pages

To what extent was economic differences the main reason for separation?

I disagree to a large extent that economic differences were the main reasons for separation between Singapore and Malaysia. Political differences between the 2 countries instead, were a more predominant factor as it led to social unrest in these countries. Economic differences, on the other hand, played a less subtle role in separating the 2 countries, even though it did play a role.

The political rivalry between the UMNO-MIC-MCA Alliance which controlled the Central Government and the PAP that governed Singapore caused anti-PAP sentiments, which resulted in the separation of Singapore and Malaysia. Anti-PAP ...view middle of the document...

In fact, the UMNO ultras were very angry as they felt PAP was not abiding to the Federal Constitution after it had agreed to merge with Malaysia. During the Malaysian Solidary Convention (MSC), PAP’s public call for a ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ faced strong opposition from the alliance. To show their opposition, the UMNO ultras and the Malay press continued printing articles with accusation and criticism of the PAP ill –treating the Malays in Singapore. The population became so upset with such comments, that ethnic tensions in both country heightened, resulting in 2 severe riots I 1964. The first riot saw 23 people killed and 454 people injured, while the second riot saw 13 people injured and 104 people were killed. This showed that the future of Malaysia could possibly be marked by such social unrest, and would not be a good political representation of the country. The only way to solve the riots problem was for Singapore to leave the federation.

However of course, even though economic matters were not the main reason as to why Singapore and Malaysia separated, it was still one reason that contributed to the separation.
At first, negotiations for economic matters proved difficult and caused much anger and frustration among...

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