Tourism is defined as the movement of people from one place to another outside their usual habitat for more than 24 hours provided lodging, and food and beverages.
History said that the first travels were the nomads, and they travel on horses at that time, then other means of transport were created so does the growth of tourism, and other related jobs and businesses that we found today.
World tourism industry is an industry which is flourishing all over the world. It is an industry that provided job for more than 234 million people around the world be it directly or tourism related, for some countries the pillar of the economy, such as Seychelles and many small island states.
The impact of tourism on our environment cannot be overlooked. We are seasonally affected by extreme weather events – tropical storms, droughts and El Niño events also produce dramatic changes in rainfall, rising sea levels and other weather-related phenomena. Seychelles has also experienced an increase in natural climate related disasters over recent years such as extreme rainfall, tropical depressions and cyclones, coastal flooding, landslides, forest fires and drought.
While global tourism is expanding manifold, every effort is being made to protect the tradition of historically significant places. With every passing year, tourism industry is experiencing new changes to adapt to the needs of time.
Increase in the tourism activities, such as hotels, transportation means more consumption of energy and the natural resources. Alternative sources of energy are being worked out example the wind mill and of course these are costing money which means more problems for the economy. Global warming, rise in sea levels pose to be a great threat to our small island. Concepts of eco-tourism are fast catching up with the common people.
All demand and supply facets of tourism are regarded as being affected by global climate change, but just as importantly tourism has direct and indirect effects on climate change itself. In addition, tourism is impacted by other factors that influence global and local change, such as economic and cultural. Climate change affects the tourism decision making process in a number of ways.
Climate change can impact tourist behavior about our islands because of changed and image of certain activities that can be engaged in. That does not mean tourist will stop travelling to Seychelles but it will change their travel preferences
The loss of land along coastlines due to sea level rise, especially on atolls, coastal erosion which is becoming fast common nowadays will have profound adverse impacts on the tourism industry and on the coastal infrastructure.
Coral reefs have a huge influence on our tourism industry; many people include scuba diving and snorkeling as their major activity while on holiday generating significant revenues through tourist interested. They function as natural breakwaters along the coast and represent one of the most natural resources for food, beach sand. They also provide habitat to the marine animals and reef fish.
The mangrove forest, have diverse and important ecological functions, providing protection against tide and storm, Seychelles are very renowned for its amazing mangrove forest.
The changes in temperature and unusual, extreme season have an impact on our agriculture and therefore made it difficult to provide sufficient food locally to our visitors and residence as a result we have to rely heavily on exportation.
Coastal floods do not only affect tourism establishments directly since it is not only their infrastructures, which are affected. One of the first...