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Transformational Leadership Essay

3580 words - 15 pages

Coaching Baseball as Applied to Transactional Leadership Theory,
Leader-Member Exchange Theory, and the Psychodynamic Approach
MBA 631 – Leadership
21 February 2011

Table of Contents
Title Page…………………………………………………………………………………………1
Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………………2
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………….3
Transformational Leadership……………………………………………………………………...3
Charisma…………………………………………………………………………………..4
Connecting Individually…………………………………………………………………..5
Intellectual Stimulation…………………………………………………………………....6
Leader-Member Exchange Theory………………………………………………………………..6
In-Group and Out-Group………………………………………………………………….7
Graen and Uhl-Bien: Phases in ...view middle of the document...

The Psychodynamic approach involves the leader understanding his/her own personality as well as the personality of the followers (Northouse, 2011).
Transformational Leadership
Before defining transformational leadership, it is important to understand what transactional leadership is. “Transactional leaders aim to maintain the status quo by rewarding subordinates’ efforts and commitment (De Hoogh, 2005).” Transactional leaders take more a laissez-faire approach. They avoid making decision, and they only participate if goals or standards are not met. If not, they actively take corrective action. Research shows that transactional leadership is most likely to appear in more steady environments and in more stable situations. The focus of the members is obeying rules and regulations and not focused on bringing about change in the organization (De Hoogh, 2005).
Transactional leadership would not be a good style as a baseball coach. Teams are in constant desire to change. The name of the game is to win more. Maintaining the status quo is not a way to bring about change for a baseball team (De Hoogh, 2005). Successful coaches are constantly bringing in new and better players to build the team’s strength and to work toward a vision.
The theory of transformational leadership is “the process of engaging with others to create a connection that increases motivation and morality in both the leader and the follower(s) (Northouse, 2011).” Whether it be the follower or the leader, there is a process of change that takes place. The change is influenced by the leader to the subordinates in order to accomplish a goal that is out of the norm. The leader heightens the concentration and awareness of the followers through charismatic inspiration, connecting with their emotions, and interesting them on an intellectual level. It has been found through studies, that “transformational leaders have better relationships with their followers and make more of a contribution to the organization that do those who are only transactional (Northouse, 2011).”
Charisma
As a coach of a baseball team, attaining charisma in the eyes of the players is imperative in being an effective transformational leader. The coach must embed a vision within the players. It could be a vision of how successful the season will be, or it could be a vision of how much the program grows and becomes more successful in a specific time frame. Regardless of what those visions are, the players must believe their coach has a positive vision for them to strive for through hard work. In other words, it is a mission, and the players have a great deal of trust and confidence in the coach that the mission can be attained. This will instill pride in them and excite them (De Hoogh, 2005).
Connecting Individually
Successful transformational leader coaches can identify with each player on a personal level. They place close attention to and assess the specific needs of each individual...

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