THE GLOBALISATION PROCESS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS TOR TANZAIA
Address by Ambassador Ami Mpungwe to the CEO-ROUNDTABLE, KILIMANJARO HYATT REGENCY HOTEL, DAR ES SALAAM, 9th OCTOBER 2012.
May I begin by stating the obvious and say: the World has changed! The end of Cold war and significant developments in Science and Technology, over the last few years, particularly those brought about by the convergence of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), have already transformed the world that we knew, not too long ago, beyond recognition.
They have re-defined almost everything that distinguishes and separates the human from the rest of the animal kingdom. This change ...view middle of the document...
Issues related to Gender equality and citizen empowerment also form integral part of this process.
Obviously, the logical consequence of this process comes out in terms extending the frontiers of human freedom and liberty, to their fullest extent and in a very indivisible manner, across the world. In the process, it is also meant to optimize the human potential and capacity to act in both, facing the difficult challenges and exploiting the vast opportunities that are brought about by the Globalisation process.
2) GLOBALISA TION
Globalization works to coordinate and integrate, production, distribution and exchange process across the world, with the view to taking full advantage of the existing or potential economies of scale and scope, in a manner that lowers production costs, increases efficiency and productivity and gain global competitiveness either for individual businesses or in inter-state or inter-regional trade and economic relations, as world economies become increasingly networked together, at the global scale. In the process, political, social, legal issues etc that are associated with such production, distribution and exchange processes, are equally networked and integrated at the global scale, hence the intensification of the phenomenon of globalization.
As a consequence of this process and in spite of the on-going global financial melt-down and economic down-turn, we are currently noticing a major upswing in the phenomenon of Mergers and Acquisitions at both, domestic and cross-border levels, largely by large corporate entities of the North. For instance, in 2007, before the onset of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis in 2008, Mergers and Acquisitions in the global gas and electricity sectors alone rose by 52 per cent to an all time high of almost US $ 300bn, driven by big European deals. At the same time, the total value of deals in 2006 was US $ 298.8bn, compared with US $ 196bn in 2005. Similar tendencies are noticed in all other sectors across the world, on daily basis! Associated with this process, there is also an enhanced tendency for consolidation of fragmented industries at both domestic and cross-border levels, throughout the world today, all pointing towards the globalizing character of the evolving New World Order.
At the same time, the Liberalization process, as we are all very much aware, works to open up domestic, regional and global markets, albeit some hitches here and there; encourage free movement of goods, services and other factors of production, throughout the world. The obvious effect of this process comes in the form of transforming national boundaries into markets and putting trade issues quite high in the global agenda, second to war issues! The formation of sub-regional and regional economic blocs has already become prominent feature of this process, as nation- states implement different growth strategies that are meant to expand economies of scale, enhance...