Trastornos Alimenticios Essay

2566 words - 11 pages

Los Trastornos Alimenticios en los Jóvenes y Adolescentes












Amaryllis Amanda Gómez Rdz
Matricula:702484
Investigación y Sociedad
Lic. María Teresa Celestino Rdz.








Monterrey Nl, México, 29 de Noviembre del 2011

Índice
Portada…………………………………………………………….1
Índice……………………………………………………………….2
Formular el Problema……………………………………………3
Objetivo General………………………………………………….3
Objetivos Específicos……………………………………………3
Hipótesis……………………………………………………………3
Introducción………………………………………………………..3
Historia del Tema Elegido……………………………………….4
a) Orígenes de la Anorexia Nerviosa………………………4
b) Orígenes de la Bulimia…………………………………….5
...view middle of the document...

Según un articulo publicado en un sitio de internet salud, la falta de contactos íntimos con la madre y de relaciones seguras podrían llegar a causar este tipo de problemas alimenticios en el bebe, sobre todo cuando se llega a la adolescencia; explicó Karl Heinz Brisch, jefe de la unidad de psicosomática y psicoterapia pediátricas en la clínica universitaria de Múnich.

Historia del Tema Elegido:
Los Orígenes de la Anorexia Nerviosa
Alguna vez te has puesto a pensar de donde proviene la anorexia nerviosa? Es una palabra que escuchamos con mucha frecuencia hoy en día, desde en programas de televisión, libros, artículos, o hasta con algún amigo (a) o familiar. La palabra anorexia proviene del griego y significa falta de apetito. Aunque la anorexia nerviosa empezó a conocerse en la década de los sesentas, hay casos de abstinencia alimenticia desde épocas de la Biblia, pero todavía no era denominada como tal, ni era vista como lo que vemos hoy en día.
En tiempos antiguos un poco después del siglo XVII a causa de las reformas religiosas que existían en ese tiempo, las mujeres que se abstenían de comer, y tenían un “poder” que les ayudaba a no comer, era visto como brujería y eran mandadas a la hoguera o quemadas vivas.
El primer caso de anorexia descrito tal y como se presenta hoy en día data en el año de 1694, y esto fue cuando un medico ingles llamado Morton describió a una paciente femenina joven en estado de desnutrición extrema, la describió utilizando las siguientes palabras “parecía una esqueleto vivo, solamente piel y huesos, no tenia síntomas febriles y padecía un frio descomunal”.
En el año de 1870 dos médicos, Gull en Londres y Lasegue en Paris, ambos mencionaron casos de anorexia histérica. Ellos describieron el desorden en términos médicos y psíquicos. Gull fue el primero en nombrar a la enfermedad “Anorexia Nerviosa, y también le otorgo un componente mental, en esto señalo que en estos pacientes existía una negación al ingerir alimentos. Lasague observo que esta patología era mas frecuente en mujeres adolescentes y comenzó a investigar la conducta de la familia ante el rechazo de la paciente a ingerir alimentos.
A principios del siglo XX la Anorexia Nerviosa se confundió con la insuficiencia pituitaria y se empezaron a implementar tratamientos invasivos con insulina y electroshocks. Pero fue durante los años 30 que era cuando el Psicoanálisis empezó a agarrar su fuerza, cuando la anorexia nerviosa fue investigada con mayor profundidad desde un punto de vista psicológico y se comenzó a explorar las causas psico-sexuales de la Anorexia Nerviosa.
Pero no fue hasta la década de los 70s donde una doctora llamada Dra. Brunch en los Estados Unidos, describió las características de la personalidad de los pacientes que sufren Anorexia Nerviosa, ya que ella observo aspectos comunes en los pacientes, tales como la distorsión corporal, el sentimiento de inutilidad e...

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