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Travel And Tourism Essay

1663 words - 7 pages

Introduction
Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries as well as the major source of foreign exchange earnings and employment for many developing countries. This course will provide you with a clear understanding of what constitute the all-around product - the tourist destination .This unit introduces learners to the main UK and worldwide tourist destinations in terms of visitor numbers and income generation and their location.
Learners will look into the cultural, social and physical features of those destinations and the issues and trends that affect their popularity, as part of the essential selling skills and knowledge needed by managers within the travel and tourism ...view middle of the document...

It should be noted that this change has occurred at a time when tourist numbers were growing globally. Determination of tourism destination trends and future trends
Not only have people's motivations and expectations of holidays changed, but geography plays a major part. Where tourism experiences can be obtained is itself subject to variations in demand and, hence, supply.
Visitor numbers and receipts of tourism destinations
The increase in the share of international tourist arrivals in the Pacific Region therefore indicates a very significant increase in actual tourists between 1975 and 2006. There were approximately 78 million visitor arrivals in the Pacific Region/South East Asia in 1995. In fact, Europe had five countries in the top ten tourism destinations in 2006. France, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom and Germany, with France and Spain's combined totals accounting for 14 per cent of total international arrivals
Demonstration of creative thinking for tourism
In the last 15 years or so of the twentieth century, changing attitudes also contributed to a re-evaluation of the nature of the tourist experience. Accompanying the growing realization that tourism takes place in finite geographical space, was the notion that it consumes environmental resources. Increasingly, tourists became concerned about the effects their activities were having on the environment. This led to the growth of what some consider as more environment friendly forms of tourism, such as ecotourism. Additionally, some tourists sought experiences that would give them more contact with the population in the destination region and potentially contribute more to the local economy.

P1.2-Analyse statistics to determine tourism destination trends and predict future trends
There will many trends in the future we predict that:
*
Eastern Europe, with many countries joining the EU, Asia and South America will play a major role as leading inbound destinations since they excite and arouse the interest of many travellers. On the other hand, North Africa is threatened with a decline if it does not innovate and diversify its tourism product.
* As an example of emerging inbound destinations in Eastern Europe, we can cite Bulgaria, Croatia and Ukraine that hosted respectively in 2010 6,047 million tourists, 9,111 million tourists and 21,203 million tourists, thus marking growth rates compared to 2006 of respectively 17 per cent, 14 per cent and 12 per cent. In Asia, apart from well-known destinations, Azerbaijan (western Asia), Uzbekistan (central Asia) and Qatar (Middle East) are good examples although their numbers of inbound visitors are still low.
* We can predict that competition between destinations is going to be fiercer in the future. Each country should therefore look for a competitive advantage that it can develop and exploit. Among the biggest emerging outbound markets, we can cite here China and India with over a billion people each, many of which are...

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