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Tsunami Experience Essay

880 words - 4 pages

Tsunamis
A tsunami is a large ocean wave that is caused by sudden movement on the ocean floor. This sudden movement causes vertical displacement of the water. It could be caused by an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, and underwater landslide or the impact of the meteorites. The impact of a large meteorite could also cause a tsunami. Tsunamis travel across the ocean at great speeds and become large, deadly waves in the shallow water of a shoreline. A tsunami is sometimes loosely referred to as a tidal wave but that is not technically correct. Many people wrongly believe that a tsunamis are single waves. Actually, tsunamis are “wave trains” consisting of multiple waves. The word ...view middle of the document...

As a result, false alarms are common.

The most recent tsunami of a catastrophic proportions was the 2004 Indian Ocean undersea earthquake that took the world by surprise at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) on December 26th, 2007. The earthquake generated tsunamis that were among the deadliest disasters in modern history. At a magnitude of 9.0, it was the largest earthquake since the 9. 2 magnitude Good Friday Earthquake of Alaska in 1964, and tied for fourth largest since 1900.#

The earthquake originated in the Indian Ocean just south of Simeulue Island, off the western coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The resulting tsunamis devastated the shores of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and other countries with waves of up to 15 m (50 feet) high, even reaching the east coast of Africa, 4500 km (2,800 miles) west of the epicentre. The tsunami wave itself also travelled the globe, and was measured in the Pacific and many other places by tide gauges. Measurements in California exceeded 40 cm in height, while New Jersey saw water levels fluctuations as great as 34 cm.

As at March 1st, 2005 the death toll was 300,000 people. Over 5 million people were affected by the tsunami and well over a million were left homeless. Of the fatalities, almost half were in Indonesia with very high casualties in Sri Lanka, India and Thailand as well. People were also killed by the tsunami in Somalia, Myanmar, the Maldives, Malaysia, Tanzania, the Seychelles, Bangladesh, South Africa, and Kenya. Included in the death toll were tourists from countries all around the world #. The plight of the many affected...

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