Turkish And Kurdish Fertility In Turkey

4189 words - 17 pages

Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey: New Statistical Evidence for Convergence

Word Count: 3,528
Number of Tables: 5
Number of Figures: 4
Running Head: Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey


The purpose of this quantitative study was to present and discuss statistical evidence for the convergence of Turkish and Kurdish fertility rates in the Republic of Turkey. Linear regression and other statistical methods were utilized in order to illustrate convergence, which was theorized as (a) resulting from the delayed exposure of Turkey’s Kurds to the dynamics of modernization and (b) providing compelling evidence against the claim that Turks and Kurds belong to ...view middle of the document...

The topic of ethnic Turkish and Kurdish fertility in Turkey is not widely studied among scholars, but remains of immense political and social interest. There has been journalistic speculation that Kurds will come to constitute the dominant ethnic population within Turkey (Ghosh, 2012). Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has made fertility an important policy theme, repeatedly asking women in Turkey to have more children (Altıok, 2013). Erdoğan’s outreach to Turkish Kurds (Taheri, 2014) is likely to be motivated by the demographic strength of ethnic Kurds in the Southeast of Turkey. For several years, Turkey’s Kurds have demanded greater autonomy (Gunter, 2013), an autonomy that they are can plausibly obtain through greater numbers. Clearly, then, much depends on obtaining accurate insight into the fertility of Turkish Kurds.
For some time, the scholarly (Işık & Pınarcıoğlu, 2006; Koç et al., 2008) and popular (Ghosh, 2012) narrative has been that, in Koç et al.’s phrase, there is no convergence underway between the fertility of Turks and Kurds in Turkey. Admittedly, Koç et al. utilized a concept of convergence that included not only fertility but also several other demographic variables, including demography. Nevertheless, on the basis of fertility alone, there are good reasons to examine the claim of non-convergence more carefully, especially given that (a) Koç et al. only employed data from two surveys (the 2003 and 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Surveys carried out every five years by researchers affiliated with Hacettepe University in Turkey); and (b) Koç et al. extrapolated a great deal from the Turkey Demographic and Health Surveys, including the ethnicity of populations within Turkey, in a manner unsupported by the data.
My analysis of data from the 1978 to 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Surveys, triangulated with an analysis of Turkish provincial-level demographic data provided by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat, 2014), offers some statistical support for the claim that Turkish and Kurdish fertility is in fact converging. The significance of this finding is threefold. First, the idea that Turkish Kurds constitute a special population vis-à-vis fertility has to be discarded; Turkish Kurds are obeying the same regional and indeed global forces driving lower fertility. Second, various theories that have drawn on the observed difference between Turkish and Kurdish fertility to make claims about hard social distinctions between Turks and Kurds might have to be reconsidered. Third, the theme of Kurdish fertility as it functions in all spheres of Turkish politics ought to be understood as specter reflecting the fears and ambitions of ethno-politicians more than as the reflection of any demographic reality.
The Hacettepe University-sponsored Turkish Demographic and Health Surveys from 1978 to 2008 (Hacettepe, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008) trace fertility in five regions of...

Other Essays Like Turkish and Kurdish Fertility in Turkey

Future Conflict That Could Escalade Essay

1544 words - 7 pages signatures.’ The problem is that some EU member states – notably France, Germany and Austria – have become openly hostile to Turkish membership in recent years. Both France’s President, Nicolas Sarkozy, and Germany’s Chancellor, Angela Merkel, have stated that they would prefer Turkey to be granted what they call a ‘privileged partnership’ with the EU, instead of full membership. Not surprisingly, many Turks see this proposal as an

Balkan Policy Of Turkey Essay

3930 words - 16 pages 1. INTRODUCTIONThe Balkans have always played a significant role in Turkish foreign policy and Turkey has always been an important political actor in the region. The Ottoman Empire ruled the peninsula for more than five centuries. While receding from the Balkans, it left behind substantial Muslim communities and minorities of Turkish origin. A strong sense of affinity exists between the peoples of Turkey and the Balkan countries, which in effect

Ibs Peugeot Invests in Turkey

647 words - 3 pages Turkey. It can be seen that the Turkish economy is open to Foreign Direct Investment. Also in this phase the analysis of the competitor is researched in an extensive manner. The major competitors for Peugeot in turkey would be the European cars such as Renault, BMW. But Peugeot will have a competitive edge over these brands because of their pricing and their availability. Phase 3 of the entry includes Global Integration. This phase involves

Ottoman Empire

2490 words - 10 pages putting the interests of the whole nation before those of any group or class. In a negative sense it entailed a disagreement of class interests. Turkey did not have classes in the European sense and a prohibition of political activity based on class. Revolutionaries were more conservative followers have preferred to interpret the Turkish term “Inkilapcilik”. On the other hand Statism was a new concept that recognized the incomparability of the

Germany: General Background

694 words - 3 pages minority languages as well such as Danish, Sorbian and Romany. Primary immigrant languages are Turkish, Kurdish, Polish and the Balkan languages. The population of Germany is around 80.7 million which makes it the most populous state in the European Union. Germany is one of the founding countries in the European Union, and is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe.Throughout history Germany has always

Citizenship Identity In Turkey

1304 words - 6 pages The Politics of Citizenship by Drawing Borders: Foreign Policy and the Construction of National Citizenship Identity in Turkey As far as the transitional period from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic is concerned, one of the crucial areas in which the impact of foreign policy has been observed is the building of national citizenship identity in Turkey. This is in terms of its relation not only to Turkish modernity but also to the

Armenia - Essay 2

2949 words - 12 pages western compatriots (in Turkey). After the victorious battles of Sardarapat and Bash-Aparan, the Turkish onslaught was contained and reversed, and Armenia declared its independence on 28 May 1918. Independence, however, was short-lived. After two years, due to the increasing pressure of, on the one hand, advancing Kemalist Turkish forces, and on the other, the Bolsheviks, the small landlocked republic of Armenia was forced to sign treaties that led

Turkey Wealth Report Share 2014

1325 words - 6 pages level of granularity, insight and authority on the HNWI and wealth management universe in each of the countries and regions it covers. The report includes comprehensive forecasts to 2018. It also provides detailed information on UHNWIs in each major city. Key highlights There were 92,796 HNWIs in Turkey in 2013. These HNWIs held US$490 billion in wealth. In 2013, Turkish HNWI numbers fell by 1.4%, following a 2012 increase of 0.5%. Growth in HNWI

A World Apart

1189 words - 5 pages systems (Rehabilitation - Correctional Programs In The United States, 2011). Community-based treatment is also popular in American correctional institutions. Turkish prisons have been known to have harm-reduction programs. Both American and Turkish correctional systems offer parole. The United States correction system is more lenient on parole and is becoming more involved in community corrections. Turkey has been notorious in their treatment

International Politics

1636 words - 7 pages me less biased than the average man. Born in England, to a Turkish Father and a British Mother, and having lived in England, Turkey, as well as Canada has broadened my vision of the world to a great extent. This is of course excluding the many political conferences that I have attended and the many countries I have visited around the world. An example of an assignment which required the utmost patience and the most open of minds was at a Model

Should Turkey Become a Member of the European Union?

1528 words - 7 pages 1987. Turkey has been a European Union associate member since 1963. But the decision to consider Turkey's application was deferred until 1993 for a special reason: the European Community was in the process of becoming the European Union. Furthermore the decision in Turkish membership was even more delayed by the fall of the Soviet Union and German reunification. Finally at the Helsinki summit in December 1999 Turkey was given the status of a

Related Papers

Furniture And Floor Coverings Retailing In Turkey: Jsbmarketresearch

1870 words - 8 pages Furniture and Floor Coverings Retailing in Turkey- Market Summary and Forecasts Released On 16th October 2015 Summary Turkish furniture and floor coverings retail market sales accounted for 5.8% of the total sales in 2014. The market is characterized by a mix of both domestic and international retailers, where the majority of the market is controlled by home furniture and homewares retailers. Per capita spend on furniture and floor

Gold Industry Precious Metals Mining In Turkey To 2020 Market Size, Shares, Trend, Growth, Research And Statistics

665 words - 3 pages  are continuously changing. To Brows a Full Report with Toc: http://www.researchmoz.us/precious-metalsmining-in-turkey-to-2020-a-focus-on-the-gold-industry-report.html   All Repoers of this Category Here: http://www.researchmoz.us/precious-metalsmining-in-turkey-to-2020-a-focus-on-the-gold-industry-report.html   About ResearchMoz ResearchMoz is the one stop online destination to find and buy market  researchÂ

Media Reporting Of Terrorist Activities 10312011

1211 words - 5 pages slant on the information given. Terrorism in Turkey Two distinct sides within this nation are both fighting for control; the Turkey’s Justice and Development Party commonly known as the AKP for Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi and the (PKK) Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Bajalan, 2011). The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) has been fighting against Turkish authorities and rival Kurdish groups since 1984. The government and media have yet to label the PKK

The Future Of Northern Iraq Andthe Emergence Of Ku

2418 words - 10 pages . History The Kurdish people have been fighting for an independent Kurdistan in the region astride the Zagros Mountains in northern Iraq and the eastern extension of the Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey across the Mesopotamian plane and the upper reaches of the Tigris and Euphrates River. States like Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and the Soviet Union battled against the assimilation of their Kurdish minorities and each respective