At the beginning of the Middle Ages, battle was still fought by men usually with swords, spears, and axes because they fought so close to each other. In medieval times, there were many different weapons, which were used for many different reasons. Some reasons would be for war, hunting, farming and building. The same types of materials were used, but they designed into different types of weapons and armor. As you read, you will learn how as time pasted that either the armor or the weapons changed to be more protective and or more powerful. I will be covering in this paper the many types of weapons, a specific weapon, and last the armor they used to protect themselves.
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The most primitive type of weapon was a simple club. Soldiers used throwing spears, or javelins, and spears mounted on longer poles to thrust at the enemy.
Firearms arrived in Europe from Asia in the 13th and 14th century. They were not very accurate but if you hit your enemy it would do more damage than a bow or sword. “The introduction of firearms was the main factor in the escalation of armor into heavy plates during the late medieval period” (Blackwell 2). A catapult was then designed to throw objects at your enemy to slow them down and kill some of them. The ideas that were usually thrown were stones, arrows, burning pitch, beehives, dead animals, and the bodies of people that died because of the Black Death.
Usually, all bows looked the same around 3000 B.C. All were made out of wooden stave, curved and pulled tight with a tension string. “The medieval bow was, the exception of variation in the materials used for its construction, the unaltered descendent of its classical predecessor” (Lerner 339). This bow was primary the weapon the soldiers used, but once the firearm was created in the eighteenth century, all soldiers changed to the new technology. “The fundamental technological principle of increasing the accuracy and velocity of a projectile far beyond that which is possible using the force of the human arm remains unchanged” (Lerner 339). A new redesigned bow was made. Technologically simple modifications to the weapon to increase its tactical advantage on the battlefield.
The crossbow first appeared in Europe in tenth century Italy; however the basic design came from foreign origin. “The crossbow was constructed by turning a bow horizontal on a fixed stock and adding a projectile guide and a release trigger” (Lerner 339). The longbow was the mass-deployment weapon of choice in late medieval warfare. Longbows were usually used to thin out, or at least weaken the enemy. “The medieval crossbow was unique not only for its mechanical operation, but its controversial nature” (Lerner 340). The deployment of the longbow in battle required you to be strong and skilled. The long bowman didn't have to wear armor and they really didn't need swords or little daggers, because they were far away from the front line.
“Body armor is protective clothing that has the ability to repel weapons used in combat against the wearer” (Hoffman 345). Armor is designed to help keep you protected against the enemy. There are 3 different types of armor: soft, mail, or rigid armor. “While early body armor was primarily soft, metal protection was introduced with the advent of metal weapons” (Hoffman 345). Soft armor was usually made with leather, fabric, and quilting or felt. Mail armor was made of iron steel rings that were interwoven, this processes helped make the armor more flexible without losing protection. The last type of armor is rigid armor which was made of metal, wood, or any other highly resilient material that offered maximum protection to the...