Understand Mental Health Problems
1 1. Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders.
The main forms of mental ill health can include clinical depression whereby the main signs and symptoms of this may include:
* An unusually sad mood that does not go away
* Loss of enjoyment and interest in activities that used to be enjoyable
* Lack of energy and tiredness
* Loss of confidence in themselves or poor self-esteem
* Feeling guilt when they are not at fault
* Wishing they were ...view middle of the document...
A panic attack is where a person has a sudden onset of intense apprehension, fear or terror. The intense fear is inappropriate for the situation they are in and the attacks can begin and develop rapidly. A person experiencing a panic attack will develop several of the following symptoms at the same time:
* increased awareness of heart beat
* trembling or shaking
* feeling of choking, shortness of breath or breathing
* chest pain or discomfort, nausea or abdominal distress
* feeling of unreality or detachment of ones surroundings
* feeling dizzy
* fear of losing control or going crazy
* fear of dying
Someone experiencing phobias may avoid or restrict activities because they have a specific fear. This appears persistant, excessive and unreasonable. Agrophobia involves the avoidance of certain situations because of fear of a panic attack. Social phobia is the fear of any situation whereby public scrutiny may be possible. People may also have specific phobias of certain thing such as spiders etc. these are less disabling than social phobias etc as they involve only a specific situation.
Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD
Acute stress disorder and PTSD may develop after a distressing or catastrophic event. The event may involve actual or threatened death or serious injury or abuse, or possibly after witnessing such an event. In acute stress disorder the symptoms will begin to fade in a month whereby in PTSD the symptoms will continue for longer. Some of the symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD may include:
* re-experiencing the trauma
* anxiety in situations that bring back memories of the trauma
* avoidance behaviour
* emotional numbing - a person may experience changes in how happiness and/or sadness is experienced and being less able to experience a full range of emotions
* reduced interest in others and how the outside world is experienced
* persistant increased awareness
* Obesessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD can be described as obsessional thoughts and compulsive behaviours accompying the feelings of anxiety. Obsessional thoughts are recurrent thoughts, impulses or images that the person can't dispel. These thoughts are inappropriate and unwanted and cause increased anxiety in the person.
Compulsive disorders are repetitive behaviours or mental activity. It may not be possible to realise that person is engaging in compulsive behaviour as some of the symptoms may be happening internally such as silently repeating words. A person may feel compelled to behave in this way in order to reduce feelings of anxiety.
Eating disorders are often, but not always, associated with low self-esteem. They can also be thought of as a class of anxiety associated with OCD. Some forms of eating disorders can include:
* Anorexia Nervosa
This includes controlling the body weight by restricting the calorie intake. It can be associated with a negative body image, although some people...