Level 3 – unit 3
Understanding child and young person development
Age | Physical Development | Communication and intellectual development | Social, emotional and behavioural development |
0 to 3 | This is an age of fast development. When first born babies have very little control over their bodies and rely on natural reflexes such as sucking and grasping. At 12 months most babies will have learnt to crawl and some may have learnt to walk although this is usually in their 2nd year. Also in their 2nd year they will try and dress and feed themselves as well as playing and climbing | At the lower end of this age group adults interact with babies to develop their communication skills ...view middle of the document...
At the upper end of this age group children thrive by being given responsibility and also adult approval when they achieve. |
7 to 12 | This age group will continue to grow and take up new hobbies and interests such as football, dance and maybe a musical instrument. All these will help to develop their motor skills | During this age group children are able to form some of their own ideas helping them to answer questions plus read and write with more confidence. At the same time they need adult care and approval | During these years children will become more confident, forming friendships and generally feeling more settled by the upper end of this age group. They enjoy the challenge of being allowed to solve their own problems and also being able to carry out activities that develop their independence. They will still look for praise and encouragement from adults and are becoming aware of what others think of them. |
12 to 16 | These are the adolescence years where children start to grow dramatically in height and strength and girls start their periods. By 16 the boys are usually taller than the girls | These years see a lot of change and growth in intelligence due to the wide variety of subjects available from English, geography to music and dance. There are many more subjects which they will develop the confidence to choose their favourite for GCSE. During this age group mistakes are often made which dent their confidence and they sometimes hide away perhaps play truant. | Adolescent children can have difficulty with self-esteem and worries regarding body changes. They want more independence from adults but still need guidance which they can rebel against. They behaviour can often be unpredictable - happy then sad. They are usually settled in their choices of activities. e.g. sports, music, friends. |
16 to 19 | By this age girls have usually stopped developing physically but boys will continue until their mid-20s | Children...