Appendix 1 – Unit 33
Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia
Understand the Neurology of Dementia
1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome
Dementia is a disease which can be caused by many different illnesses, which can bring on the onset of this disease in its different forms. some of the more common ones are: Alzheimer's Disease, Vascular Dementia and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB),
Alzheimer's Disease is the most common cause of Dementia, with up to 80% accounting for Dementia Diagnosis. People with this form of Dementia can suffer from a range of symptoms, such as not being able to remember recent conversations, difficulty in communication ...view middle of the document...
They can forget where they have put things and also not be aware of their forgetfulness. They will remember things from a long time ago.
Vascular Dementia: although people with Vascular Dementia may not have any symptoms for a long time, small strokes or parts of the brain dying can lead to the individual to suffer from loss of memory and concentration, mood swings and depression. Some may have episodes of confusion and becoming aggressive, as well as suffering from hallucinations.
Dementia with Lewy Bodies: caused by a buildup of proteins deposited in the brain, symptoms can overlap with those suffering from Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s, which are memory problems, problems with planning tasks, varying confusion over the course of the day, vivid hallucinations, trembling of hands, difficulty walking and coordination.
1.3 Explain the way that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with dementia
Individuals with Dementia will process information differently to a person who is fully cognitive. They will take longer to process what you tell them and struggle to put what they wish to into words, this is due to the different things happening in their brain. Progressive buildup of proteins in the brain, lack of blood flow to the blood vessels etc. They night not understand what you have told them and you may need to speak slowly and repeat what you have said.
1.4 Explain how other factors can cause changes in an individual’s condition that may not be attributable to dementia
There are many factors which can bring a decline to the individual’s condition. These can come from changes in their medication, changes to their environment, such as a change to the furniture or different decoration. Different people caring for them, or a different routine. Illness not associated with Dementia or even a person or partner dying.
1.5 Explain why the abilities and needs of an individual with dementia may fluctuate
There are many factors as to why an individual’s needs with Dementia may fluctuate. The main reason is that as the disease progresses affects the brain, it will affect the individual’s ability to cope and they may get more confused and forgetful. Other factors may include the lack of good care and the inconsistency this can bring. The care giver may not have experience in caring for people with Dementia and not understand the needs of the person. Other factors may also include tiredness and illness.
1 Understand the impact of recognition and diagnosis of dementia
The impact of recognizing and getting a diagnosis for Dementia can make all the difference to the individual. It can help the individual to feel less scared about what is happening to them and their loved ones and it can empower them to do more for themselves and learn new ways of coping. It can also help to get the right treatment for the dementia, to slow the progression of...