UNDERSTANDING THE SUPPLY CHAIN
A supply chain includes all functions involved in the acceptance and performance of customers' request within an organization . A sumintro chain parts that comprise it directly or indirectly involved in fulfilling a customer request , includes also the manufacturer and supplier , as well as carriers , vendors , wholesalers and of course, the client. These, in most cases, are networks that describe the structure of the supply chain as it encompasses different stages , each stage is coupled through the flow of products and information funds .
Each supply chain generates a value , always differentiating product value for customers and value chain costs , the value will always be related to the fulfillment of the supply chain , the difference between the ...view middle of the document...
We must take into account the benefits of the whole chain. The higher the profitability of the supply chain is the process more successful .
I am stressing this once again "the management of the supply chain is the management of flows between two or more stages to maximize total return . "
A supply chain must have 3 stages:
1. The strategy of the supply chain or design. At this stage we must consider how to structure the supply chain .
Two . Planning supply chain. The companies have defined a set of operating policies that govern short-term operations .
Three . The operation of the supply chain. Firms make decisions on individual customer orders . They also manage shipments , delivery and truck schedules .
A supply chain is a sequence of processes and flows occurring within the stages of the chain, are combined to fill the customer's needs for a product.
Processes in a supply chain are divided into a series of cycles , each performed at the interface between two successive stages of a supply chain .
1. Cycle view : processes in a supply chain are divided into a series of cycles , each is made between two successive stages of a supply chain . The cycle process of view supply chain has the following cycles:
• Customer Order Cycle
• replacement cycle ( retailer / distributor )
• manufacturing cycle ( distributor / manufacturer )
• procurement cycle (manufacturer / supplier )
The information flows from top to bottom and bottom to top.
Two . Push / pull view : processes in the supply chain are divided into two categories depending on whether you run in response to a customer order or in anticipation of customer orders . The stretching process is initiated by a customer order , performing insertion processes waiting for customer orders . The extraction process works well with a custom order , as well as push the process works well with mass production .