Unit 12 P5 Health And Social Care

3122 words - 13 pages

P5 - explain health promotion and protection

Health Promotion This is the process of allowing people to have more control over their health as this will help improve their health and well-being. It focuses on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and interventions. Health promotion is how health is shown for example to challenge obesity change 4 life is used so people can have a guidance on how to make their lifestyle healthier. It also shows that health promotion is aimed at individuals whose health is at risk from any diseases from lifestyle factors, which lets individuals take control over their health. By being able to have control over their health it shows individuals ...view middle of the document...

The health promotion tree NHS Scotland has developed a framework to support the development of a health promotion service. The roots of the tree suggest the requirement of understanding the conditions that conclude health and ill health; biological inheritance, physical environment, cultural, social, political and economic circumstances. The understanding of who, when and where is affected enables possible interventions to be identified. The trunk of the tree illustrates the importance of organisational commitment to improving health. Lastly, the branches describe key areas for health promotion activity and those elements of the setting that contribute to health. Health promotion works by the belief system. The belief system is when an individual is experiencing change in their health. The belief system is made up of many positive factors such as; health, aesthetic gain, benefits to family, pariah status and financial gain. This belief system can be used in many health issues such as overcoming obesity. There are many positives for overcoming obesity which are; reducing the chance of getting illnesses/diseases, heart disease, infertility, type 2 diabetes, some cancers and strokes. The aesthetic gain It would be that people would lose weight more and then would look/be thinner. Benefits to family The benefits to the family would be that by them being healthier the rest of the family may be influenced to start being healthy to avoid the risk of developing any illness/disease.

The pariah status This would be that they look better to other people. They would also look thinner to society and feel a lot better. The financial gain This would be that they would be spending less on clothes because the bigger size would cost more than the smaller size. This then means because the individual will be thinner they wouldn’t be spending as much on their clothing. Also, making healthier foods is a lot cheaper because you can buy in bulk and make food to last the full week instead of buying ready meals or takeaways every day. The approaches for Obesity.

Approach Aims Methods Worker/Client relationship

Medical Identify health risks such as diabetes and heart disease. Calculating BMI by doing blood tests. Professional relationships between the patient and doctor. Passive Conversation.

Behaviour Change To encourage individuals to take responsibilities for their own health and choose a healthier lifestyle. For example Dieting. Persuasion through advice and information and through mass media campaigns such as the change for life. Expert lead by doctor or dietion with a dependent client.

Educational To increase knowledge and skills about healthy lifestyle through workouts and diet plans. Information and explanation of attitudes through individual or group work. For example finding out why they excessively eat. Could be expert lead which involves client in negotiation of issued for discussion.

Empowerment To work with the client to meet there...

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