Unit 14 Brief Essay

3868 words - 16 pages

Unit 14:

Physiological Disorders

Unit code:


QCF Level 3:

BTEC Nationals

Credit value:


Guided learning hours: 60
Aim and purpose
This unit aims to develop learners understanding of the nature of physiological disorders. They will also be
able to gain knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Learners will, additionally,
learn how to produce care pathways which include an understanding of strategies to support individuals with
particular disorders.

Unit introduction
Knowing and understanding the development, causes, diagnosis and treatment of common physiological
disorders is essential for workers in the health and social care sectors. This unit ...view middle of the document...

Learning outcomes
On completion of this unit a learner should:


Understand the nature of physiological disorders


Know the processes involved in the diagnosis of physiological disorders


Be able to produce a care pathway for physiological disorders


Understand the strategies used to support individuals with physiological disorders.

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care
– Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010


Unit content
1 Understand the nature of physiological disorders
Physiological disorders: as appropriate, eg diabetes (either type 1 or type 2), coronary heart disease,
stroke, hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease or other suitable types of dementia, motor
neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, Crohn’s disease, inflammatory
bowel disease, cancer (of the breast, liver, lungs, bowel, prostate, melanoma) leukaemia, deficiency
Nature of the disorder: causes, changes to the relevant physiology of the body systems as a result of the
disorder, changes to overall body functions, physiological changes due to treatments for the disorder;
influences on the development of the disorder, eg inherited traits, lifestyle choices, employment, diet,
Signs and symptoms: observable signs of the disorders, symptoms felt and experienced by the service user
with the disorder, how these are linked to the physiology of the disorders

2 Know the processes involved in the diagnosis of physiological disorders
Referral: methods, eg self-referral, professional referral, referral by a third party
Investigations: that may undertaken, eg investigations based on the signs and symptoms, investigations
undertaken by the individual, carried out at a local health practice or General Practitioner (GP) surgery,
carried out by a local hospital, carried out at a specialist centres
Investigations for each individual: as appropriate, eg medical history including family traits, blood tests, urine
tests, radiological investigations, scans, organ function tests
Measurements: that may be undertaken, eg height, weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), peak flow, blood

3 Be able to produce a care pathway for physiological disorders
Care pathway: purpose of, eg assessment of care needs, primary, secondary, tertiary care
Practitioners: those involved in the delivery of the care pathway, eg both formal and informal carers,
involvement of other agencies such as meals on wheels, private care agencies and charities, eg Diabetes
UK, Age Concern
Care strategies: monitoring of, eg review of care, possible changes needed to care strategy

4 Understand the strategies used to support individuals with physiological disorders
Care provision: types of, eg statutory, non-statutory (private or voluntary)
Care settings: where support can occur, eg home, GP surgery, health centre, hospital care, respite care,
social care setting such as residential, nursery care or sheltered...

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