1. Understand the different responsibilities relating to health and safety in social care settings
1.1. List legislation relating to general health and safety in a social care setting
Legislation relating to general health and safety in a social care setting are:
· Health and Safety at Work Act
· Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH)
· The Management of Health and Safety Work Regulations 1992
· Personal Protective equipment regulations
· The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1985
· Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
1.2. Describe the main points of health and safety policies and procedures
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4. Identify tasks relating to health and safety that should only be carried out with special training
Employers have legal duties to give health and safety information and training to all employees. Training should include all the risks that employees are exposed to and the precautions needed. It is usual for all new staff to be given induction training on joining the service. The training should make clear the areas of activity support workers should and should not undertake and should also give guidance on appropriate footwear and clothing. Where the risk assessment identifies that such clothing is required to protect staff from hazards they should be provided and maintained at no cost to members. Induction programmes must also include health and safety training and should cover:
• Manual handling
• Infection control
• Fire procedures
• First aid
• Basic hygiene
• Food preparation, storage and hygiene
• Dealing with emergency situations
• The use of protective clothing and/or equipment.
UNISON safety representatives have the right to be consulted on the type and level of health and safety training and information developed or offered to members. In addition to the induction, training should be given to employees when:
• There is a transfer of job, a change in clients or changes in responsibility
• New equipment is used, or existing use changed
• There are changes in work methods.
Employers must also provide information for employees, that is easy to understand and which is relevant. Information for employees who have difficulty in understanding or reading English should also be considered.
1.5. Describe how to access additional support and information relating to health and safety
There are many ways to access different sorts of support and information in relation to the health and safety if it is needed. You could seek additional support and information by talking to the manager within the home. You could discuss these matters with more experienced work colleagues who could give you extra information on health and safety. Outside organisations will also help with understanding of the correct to adhere to the rules.
2. Understand the use of risk assessments in relation to health and safety
2.1. Define what is meant by Hazard and Risk
Hazard means something which may cause harm
Risk means the chance of that harm happening
2.2. Describe how to use a health and safety risk assessment
To properly use a health and safety risk assessment you must be able to identify hazards and evaluate the risks that hazard poses, for example when carrying out a risk assessment for someone’s room who uses a wheelchair, you may recognise the rug has a raised edge which could be a hazard to the person using a wheelchair when getting round his or her own room. The person using a risk assessment would then have to measure the risks and how great or small they are before taking precautions to eliminate those hazards and therefore...