***Answers to questions are to be typed in this workbook***
Unit reference number: K/601/5351
QCF level: 2
Credit value: 4
What is this unit about?
This unit explores the meaning of learning disability and considers issues closely linked with learning disability support.
To complete the following questions you will need to read the content of the unit within the standards and research some resources about learning disabilities. Your assessor will guide you to the learning disabilities folder within the CD-ROM provided within your file.
1) What legislation and policies are there to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of ...view middle of the document...
Our day to day practices and attitude are important in how effective this policies and rights are followed in real life. Is very important to family members and carers who are supporting people with learning disabilities to understand and promote these rights. Through these acts and policies rights are provided and enforced, it is improving the quality of their life and help them to live independently. These legislations and policy and procedures give people with learning disabilities the right to do anything they want to do that we can do such as get a job, do training, access courses, access the community, open bank accounts etc. They can’t be discriminated against for their disability.
3) What is meant by ‘learning disability’? (2.1)
The meaning of learning disability means an incomplete or state of arrested development of the mind. An individual with a learning disability will have significant impairment of intellectual function/social and adaptive. Stages of learning disability can range from mild, moderate, severe and profound.
4) Give some examples of causes of learning disabilities. (2.2)
Some examples that can cause learning disabilities can be unknown factors, environmental, before during and after birth, chromosomal and genetic factors. Others include being intellectually impaired like dysgraphia, visual processing disorder, dyscalculia, early onset, dyslexia, social or adaptive dysfunction.
5) Below is a summary of two models of disability; the Medical Model & the Social Model. Identify which one is which (2.3)
Model A describes the medical model of disability
This Model of Disability looks at the individuals’ disability as the cause of any difficulties they may experience. For example, if a person is in wheelchair and cannot get into a building with steps, it is the wheelchair that is the issue and not the steps.
A disabled person could be seen as ‘a person who has ‘to adapt to fit into the world’, and would be best placed in an institution or isolated at home, where their basic needs are met.
The model revolves around identifying the disability, finding out what it is, understanding it, learning how to deal with it, learning how to improve it, and attempting to cure it.
Model B describes the social model of disability
This model of disability looks at the person with a disability as a human being, a person with human rights who has a right to a full participation in all walks of life. For example if a person in a wheelchair cannot get in a building with steps, the owner of the building has to make ’reasonable adjustments’ to allow access.
The Model looks at the ‘whole’ person and not just their medical or physical needs. It also looks at the social, cultural, identity needs of people and how society is ‘disabling’ people. The model questions the barriers put in place by society and how these can be reduced. This model is supported by disabled people today.
Barriers could include: