Unit 4222 256 Understand The Impact Of Acquired Brain Injury On Individuals

1668 words - 7 pages

Unit 4222-256 Understand the impact of Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals
1.1. Acquired Brain Injury is any damage to the brain that occurs after birth.
1.2 Possible causes of Acquired Brain Injury are:-
· alcohol or drugs
· disease such as AIDS, Alzheimers, cancer, multiple sclerosis or Parkinsons disease
· lack of oxygen caused anoxic brain injury (for e.g. injury caused by near drowning)
· Physical injury such as impact (or blow) to the head, which may occur in vehicle or sporting accidents, fights or falls
· stroke - when a blood vessel inside the brain breaks or is blocked destroying local brain tissue
2.1 The initial effects of Acquired Brain Injury are:-
· loss of ...view middle of the document...

· epilepsy - brain injury can make a person prone to epileptic seizures or ‘fits’.
· spasticity - limbs may be stiff or weak and the range of movement limited. Often one side of the body is affected more than the other, depending on the area of brain that is damaged. This is known as hemiplegia.
· weakness or paralysis - often affects one side of the body than the other. This could mean that help is needed during personal care and when getting dressed or undressed. Muscle weakness may affect continence and continence aids may be needed.
· Ataxia - is irregular uncontrolled movement or tremor affecting the coordination of movements. The person’s hands may be shaky or clumsy and handwriting may be difficult or impossible.
· Hormonal imbalances - insufficient or increased release of one or more hormones which causes disruption of the body’s ability to maintain a stable internal environment (homeostasis).
Cognitive Effects
· Problems with memory - particularly short-term memory are common after brain injury.
· Reduced initiation and problems with motivation - these problems may also be a symptom of depression.
· reduced concentration span - completing tasks can be a problem and the task may be abandoned before reaching the end.
· Reduced speed of information processing - people can take longer to think things through or work out what has been said to them.
· Reduced problem solving ability.
· Repetition or ‘perseveration’ - the person may be unable to move on to another topic in the same conversation and they may return to the same topic over and over again.
· Impaired reasoning - may affect a person’s ability to think logically, to understand rules or follow discussions.
· Impaired judgement - can cause difficulties in accurately perceiving and interpreting one’s own and other people’s behaviour and feelings.
· Lack of insight - the person may have an unrealistic view of themselves and others.
· Language loss (aphasia) - this may be ‘receptive’ or ‘expressive’.
· Impairments in visual-perceptual skills - the person may have difficulty in making sense out of ordinary pictures and shapes.
Emotional and Behavioural Effects
· Loss of confidence - This is very common after brain injury and a person can need a lot of encouragement and reassurance.
· Mood swings or ‘emotional lability’ - the person may have a tendency to laugh or cry very easily.
· Depression and sense of loss - are very common. Depression may be caused by the injury to the areas of the brain that control emotion, but can also be associated with the person gaining an insight into the effects of their injury.
· Anxiety - life has been changed forever in a matter of seconds and the future can look frightening.
· Frustration and anger - frustration can build up quickly.
· Abusive or obscene language - this may be spontaneous and uncontrollable.
· Disinhibition - loss of control over social behaviour so that the person may behave in an over-familiar manner, they...

Other Essays Like Unit 4222-256 Understand the Impact of Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals

The Effects of Marijuana on the Brain

1383 words - 6 pages . However, researchers have been working to explain how marijuana has harmful affects on the functions of central nervous system and hinders the memory and movement of the user’s brain. “Marijuana impinges on the central nervous system by attaching to brain’s neurons and interfering with normal communication between the neurons. These nerves respond by altering their initial behavior. For example, if a nerve is suppose to assist one in retrieving

Unit Cu3119 Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People for Those Working in the Adult Sector

1474 words - 6 pages Unit CU3119 Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People for Those Working in the Adult Sector Written questions Please answer the following written questions: CU 3119 - 1.1 Explain the policies, procedures and practices for safe working with children and young people as follows: * What has been introduced as a result of The Children Act 2004? The Children Act 2004 was introduced following the tragic death of

The Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Brain And Behavior

2082 words - 9 pages The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Brain and Behavior Sleep deprivation is a commonplace occurrence in modern culture. Every day there seems to be twice as much work and half as much time to complete it in. This results in either extended periods of wakefulness or a decrease in sleep over an extended period of time. While some people may like to believe that they can train their bodies to not require as much sleep as they once did this

A Case of Tracheal Injury After Machinary Injury of the Neck

2110 words - 9 pages of this rare life-threatening lesion. Case report: 15yr old female normotensive ,nondiabetic ,euthyroid presented with machinery injury neck,( band-saw belt injury) on 15-06-2011 patient was brought to SKIMS medical collage(not a teritary care center) were the patient was resuscitated and examined .on examination patient had lacerated wound over anterior aspect of neck patient was bleeding from wound and visible air bubbls were noticed

The Impact Of The Environment On Health

834 words - 4 pages Summary and List of Undesirable Substances".) The interaction of a human’s genetics will affect the balance of their environment with disease and health. Genetics play an important role on the environment, because of the trigger that reacts to disease. However, gender and age may also affect the interaction with the genetics and environment. The populations are at an increased risk for many diseases with the environmental components, which may

Analysis on “the Brain on Trial”

1093 words - 5 pages Analysis on “The Brain On Trial”             The way the brain works has been a mystery for about as long as humans have been walking the earth.  Are our wants and desires based on a human’s actual choice to want or are they based solely on the chemicals which are in the brain? Many people disagree on the subject of how the brain allows living things to make decisions, and whether it actually does or not. David Eagleman, neuroscientist, and

The Impact Of Liberalism On International Relations

2052 words - 9 pages this (Mingst, 2008). This was probably the beginning of a coherent belief in a sort of union of sovereign states. Toward the end of the seventeenth century William Penn believed a ‘diet’ (parliament) could be set up in Europe, like the European Union of today (Baylis and Smith, 2001). We can see much of this liberal thinking today in organizations such as the United Nations. Another influential work to have an impact on liberal thinking was

The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies

3257 words - 14 pages Table of Contents The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies 2 Introduction 2 McDonalds’ Introduction 3 Globalisation and McDonald’s 3 Globalisation strategy of McDonald 5 1. Think Globally but Act Locally 7 2. Pricing 8 3. Advertising/Promotional strategies 8 4. Social responsibility 9 Challenges for McDonald 10 Conclusion 11 Reference 12 The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies Introduction

Negative Impact Of Humans On The Environment

1694 words - 7 pages The Impact of Humans on the Environment The human population on the planet now tallies in at over 6 billion. Many experts believe this population may double in the next half-century, as expressed in A Special Moment in History by Bill McKibben. Humans are undoubtedly the 'rulers' of this earth, but we have not been good rulers. In fact in our years of monumental growth as a species, our relationship to our kingdom, the

Impact of the Internet on Education

658 words - 3 pages For the majority of people, it is difficult to imagine what life would be like without the internet. The world of education has also undergone tremendous change since the advent of the internet. It allows students to quickly obtain a vast amount of information on every subject. They also get the convenience of going to class and completing assignments, permitting them to schedule their time with great flexibility. The internet has become one of

The Impact of Divorce on Children

1258 words - 6 pages well, adults have the means and ability to seek outside professional assistance independently. Children on the other hand, are not as likely to have the ability to identify the source or kind of turmoil they are experiencing. Therefore, it is difficult for us, as adults, to be fully aware of the consequences of divorce on our children. It is estimated that nearly one half of children born today will spend time in a single parent household

Related Papers

Unit 4222 264 The Principles Of Infection Prevention And Control

706 words - 3 pages Unit 4222-264 The principles of infection prevention and control Employees roles and responsibilities Maintain high standards personal care and hygiene Be aware of polices surrounding infection in the work place Practice prevention and control Report risks to employer Up to date training Employers roles and responsibilities Risk assessment taking place Produce prevention and control procedures Provide equipment Identify

245 Understand The Context Of Supporting Individuals With Learning

5050 words - 21 pages their care. You should only assist them with tasks they are unable to do for themselves and always encourage them to try new things. Outcome 5 Understand how views and attitudes impact on the lives of individuals with learning disabilities and their family carers 1. Explain how attitudes are changing in relation to individuals with learning disabilities Society’s attitude and behaviour towards people with learning disabilities have had a

Understand How Individuals And Organizations Make Decisions About The Protection And Usage Of Individua

3355 words - 14 pages understand how individuals and organizations make decisions about the protection and usage of individuals' data, and what are the consequences of those decisions. In this document, we report on the economic implications of the protection and revelation of personal data. In particular, we present the evolution of the economic theory of privacy (Section 2), we examine current privacy-related trade-os for data subjects and data holders

Scenario Of Traumatic Brain Injury In 45 Year Old May

4453 words - 18 pages , feelings of dizziness and nausea and may also vomit, which are all signs of a concussion. Concussion can result from any direct force to the body and is a form of diffuse injury (Dolan & Holt, 2013). The impact starts the complex pathophysiological process; transmitting biomechanical forces to the brain, initiating neurochemical and neurometabolic events. Brain function relies on electrochemical signals that are transmitted via neurones to other