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Unit 5 Principles Of Safeguarding And Protection In Health And Social Care

1042 words - 5 pages

1.1 & 1.2 - define the following types of abuse and the signs and symptoms associated with each.

Physical abuse

The term physical abuse is applied to the act of a person/s causing physical pain or injury to another person. The types of abuse that could be put into this category are:

· Hitting
· Slapping
· Punching
· Kicking
· Pinching
· Biting
· Burning/Scalding

The signs of physical abuse could include unexplainable marks to the skin including bruising, grazing, blisters from burns -these would usually found in not so visible places such as the trunk of the body or to the arms and legs, pain with no visible bruising from the ribs or abdominal area or unexplained broken ...view middle of the document...

Emotional/psychological abuse

Emotional/psychological abuse is any form of abuse that is emotional rather than physical. It can include anything from verbal abuse and constant criticism to more subtle tactics such as intimidation and manipulation, forms of abuse that fall into this category include.
· Name calling
· Insulting a person
· Threatening a person or threatening to take away something that is important to them
· Imitating or mocking a person
· Swearing at a person
· Ignoring someone intentionally
· Isolating a person or excluding them from meaningful events or activities
· Preventing visits from friends or family
· Constant criticism of a person
· Placing constant blame on a person
The signs of this form of abuse could include changes in personality or behaviour. These can present as the individual having low self-esteem and opinions of themselves and an overall lack of confidence, increased levels of anxiety and confusion, incontinence and a reluctance to participate in usual activities that they have ordinarily enjoyed previously they could also present as generally withdraw within themselves.
Financial abuse

Financial abuse is the improper or unauthorised use of a person’s finances, possessions or services. Forms of abuse included in this category are:

· Theft
· Deception
· Inappropriate spending
· Withholding funds
· Fraudulent use of an individuals information to obtain credit or services
· Unauthorised use of services such as using the telephone to make inappropriate calls-e.g. Premium rate numbers such as chat lines

The signs of this form of abuse could include personal items going missing, unaccounted for withdrawals or transaction from bank accounts, increased utility bills, insufficient funds to pay bills and provide for themselves, unusual letters from creditors.

Institutional abuse

Institutional abuse is a term of abuse where by inadvertently individuals rights and choices are not recognised but are governed by rigid organisational policies and procedures, or where poor standards of care are being delivered due to lack of training and knowledge of...

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