Unit 504 Applying theories and principles for planning and enabling learning
1. Understanding the application of theories and principles of learning and communication to inclusive learning and teaching
1.1 Analyse the factors that can affect learning and achievement.
Most of the facts on this topic will most be based on the Tomlison report (2004) (Cited in Hodgson and Spours, 2008) from which the Every Child Matters policy emanated tries to explain factors that affect learning and achievement. This report highlights on being healthy, where the emphasis is not on the part of the trainer but that the activities and wellbeing of the trainee outside of the ...view middle of the document...
Gravells (2012) further emphasises that other aspects that may affect learning could be that if their equality and diversity needs are ignored it will subsequently affect the way they perform and effectively their achievement.
Ayers and Gray (2006) predict difficulties if trainers do not give support to their trainees and that they must utilise the information gathered during the initial assessments to predict the different learning styles and knowledge attained from previous learning. Gravells (2012) advocates the use of this information to negotiate individual learning plans for the trainees and to be mindful of Equality and diversity where one should be prepared to challenge one’s own beliefs and be careful not to impose their own belief own trainees. Trainees should feel that they are being treated the equally as it could affect their interest to learn.
1.2 Explain how theories and principles of learning and communication can be applied to enable inclusive learning and teaching.
A trainer should look at the different teaching and learning styles that are used in their own classroom and consider how they demonstrate learning theories and principles of learning. Pay particular attention to communication in the classroom.
There are three main types of learning theories that can be separated into three main schools of thought: The behaviourist school, cognitivist school and the humanist school.
The behaviourist school of thought is concerned completely with learned behaviour. Behaviourists believe that behaviour is learned from external stimuli and that learners react more to teaching rather than being actively involved in the process.
Cognitivists believe that the learning process involves thought, senses and experience as opposed to learning solely by response to stimuli. This takes into account some of the specific human thinking traits, aware that we have a more complex brain than the animals used in some of the behaviour experiments contributing to behaviourist theory. Cognitivists also believe that although the animal behaviour experiments may tell us something useful about learning we should still experiment further into human specific learning processes.
Humanists believe that learners should be totally at the centre of learning. They believe that to develop autonomy, learners need personal goals and meaning to what they are learning. Although this is a less scientific method, it does offer a responsive approach to the individual differences that we experience in human learning. This school of thought is also heavily motivational to the point that most of the theorists behind this are motivation theorists rather than human theorists.
There are also different levels of learning (taxonomy of learning - Bloom) to be aware of which will allow for a type of differentiation between learners. Furthermore Speare (2008) Talks about communication and how this can be used appropriately to enable inclusive learning. Warm up...