Unit 6 1.2
Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to education stage(s) and school governance.
There are many different types of schools in which young people can attend.
All children in England between the ages of 5 and 16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. A high percentage go to state schools.
Children normally start primary school at the age of 4 or 5, but many schools now have a reception year for 4 year olds. Children normally leave at the age of 11, moving onto secondary school. Most states schools admit both boys and girls however some are single-sex schools.
The four main types of state school all ...view middle of the document...
The governing body contributes to building and maintenance costs.
Voluntary-Controlled schools are similar to voluntary-aided schools, but are run by the local authority. As with community schools, the local authority:
Employs the school’s staff
Sets the admission criteria
School land and buildings are normally owned by a charity, often a religious organisation, which also appoints some of the members of the governing body.
Though they follow the National Curriculum specialist schools focus on a particular subject area. Examples include sports, technology or visual arts.
State Schools with particular characteristics
Academies are independently managed, all ability schools. They are set up by sponsors form business, faith or voluntary groups in partnerships with the Department for Education and the local authority. Together they fund the land and buildings, with the government covering the running costs.
City Tech Colleges
These are independently managed, non fee paying schools in urban areas for pupils of...