Unit 9- values and planning in social care
P1 – Principles and values
M1- Review the benefit to individuals and professional staff of taking a holistic approach to planning support
D1- Analyse reasons for working with professionals from more than one agency when planning support for individuals.
* Empowerment of individuals and the care value base
Empowerment means fiving individuals enough information to enable them to make informed decisions and make choices about their life. It lies at the heart of the care value base, devised by the Care Sector Consortium in 1992 in order to provide a common set of ethical principles and values for health and social care workers. Principles ...view middle of the document...
2. Safety and security
3. Have their wishes considered
4. Be provided with stimulating activities
5. Make a positive contribution
Adults in residential care, day care or nursing homes have the rights to
1. Choose own GP
2. Equal and fair treatment
* Recognition of preferences
When providing social care support for vulnerable people, it is important to find out and recognise their preferences. This will ensure that they are able to live independently and allow them to stay in control of their lives. E.g. individuals should be able to state their preference as to the type of support they wish to receive. When individuals preferences are acknowledged it is easier for work effectively in partnership.
* Involvement of individuals in planning their support
When planning support the social care practitioner should use a variety of different methods to collect information about an individual’s unique qualities, abilities, interests and preferences as well as their needs. The social worker should not make any decisions or start delivering a service without discussion and consultation with the individual involved.
* Respect for religious beliefs, moral beliefs, values and culture
Living and working in a culturally and socially diverse society can provide experiences of a wide range of skills and expertise from different traditions and cultures. For those working in a health and social care this can create exciting opportunities, such as new forms of treatment, different ways to deliver social care and most importantly, learning opportunities for professional practitioners, individuals who are receiving care and individuals in the wider society.
* Anti- discriminatory practice
Discrimination is caused by prejudice, which in turn leads to negative behaviour. Giddens (2001) described discrimination as activities or actions that deny to the members of the group resources or rewards which can be obtained by others. To discriminate is to distinguish between people on the basis of class or background without regard to individual merit. There is also danger of stereotyping or making assumptions about people just because they are from a different background. There are 3 main types of discrimination:
1. Direct discrimination- this is when individuals openly discriminate against others. E.g. a social care practitioner may give preferential treatment to some of the people in their care, and withhold the treatment from some of the other individuals within the same care setting.
2. Indirect discrimination- this is when certain conditions are in place that show a preference for some people over others. E.g. rules and regulations may make it impossible for a person belonging to a specific group to fully participate in society. This can be difficult to prove because it is not obvious that this is what is happening.