Us History Terms Essay

900 words - 4 pages

American Imperialism
Imperialism- A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Spanish American War- War fought between the USA and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba’s independence as well as the USA annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Platt Amendment- Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Big Stick Policy- Theodore Roosevelt’s method for achieving American goals in the Caribbean; it featured the threat and use of military force to promote America’s commercial supremacy, to limit ...view middle of the document...

Fourteen Points- The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
Treaty of Versailles- The armistice that was signed to officially end the war. Its result was that Germany would lose significant amounts of land and military, pay $32 billion for damages, and take full responsibility for the war. This was intended to make sure that they would never rise to a powerful position in Europe again.
Marcus Garvey- African American leader during the 1920s who founded the universal Negro improvement association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa.
Universal Negro Improvement Society founded by Marcus Garvey to unite all the Negros of the world and establish a black nation in Africa.
Harlem Renaissance- Black artistic movement in New York city in the 1920s, when writers, poets, painters, and musicians came together to express feelings and experiences, especially about the injustices of Jim Crow laws; leading figures of the movement included Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Duke Ellington, Zora Neale Hurston, and Langston Hughes.
Sacco and Vanzetti- Two Italian men that were accused of robbing a bank and murder; anarchists; heighted American fear of foreigners; executed with hardly any proof because of their nationality and political beliefs.
National Origins Act- Act which restricted immigration from any one nation to two percent of the number of people already in the U.S. of that national origin in 1890. Severely restricted immigration from southern and eastern Europe, and excluded Asians entirely.
Scopes Trial- A highly...

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