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Us History Week 2 Aiu Essay

1572 words - 7 pages

Christopher Marr
Unit 2 Individual Project
HIST105-1202A-17: U.S. History 
American InterContinental University Online
April 1st, 2012

Vietnam Conflict

1. Analyze two to three (2–3) major consequences the conflict had on United States’ society. 

The Vietnam War started during the end of World War II, Japan invaded and occupied Vietnam that had been under the administration of the French since the turn of the 20th century. The League for the Independence of Vietnam was formed by Ho Chi Minh to fight back the oppression of both the Japanese and French colonial administration. Japan eventually withdrew it's forces in 1945 leaving Emperor Bao Dai in control of an independent ...view middle of the document...

Due to the assassination of Diem and his brother, the political instability pushed President Lyndon B. Johnson to increase the economic support and military presence in 1963.

The torpedoing of U.S. Destroyers gave President Johnson the opportunity to retaliate with bombing of North Vietnams military codenamed Operation Rolling Thunder, and in 1965, he made the decision to send combate forces from the U.S. to battle with Vietnam. U.S. troops escalated, from 1962 to 1965, increasing by 73,000 troops with General Westmoreland calling for 175,000 by the end of July 1965 and another 100,000 in 1966. The theater also saw the additional commitments of soldiers from South Korea, Thailand, Australia, and New Zealand to aid support for South Vietnam. The focus of the U.S. was to kill as many of the enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory. Though the body count rose, the Cong and DRV troops continued to fight with the encouraged by the fact that they could regain lost territory easily, and they were also getting stronger by the support from China, and Soviet Union who were giving the North more aid and strengthening there air defenses. By 1967 the casualties of U.S. troops reached over 15,000 and 110,000 wounded, causing the wide spread skepticism among the United States and the soldiers fighting the war. The soldiers began the misuse of drugs and the time spent in Vietnam was having physical and psychological breakdowns, mutinies, and the attack of soldiers against soldiers. These images were televised in the U.S. causing our own people to turn against the war in Vietnam. In early 1968 the North launched the Tet Offensive which was the coordination of multiple attacks on more than a hundred cities and towns in South Vietnam, surprising the U.S. and South forces, they quickly struck back and the North were unable to retain control of the cities and towns for no longer than a day or two. After the election of President Richard Nixon, President Nixon began peace talks in Paris France, to try and make some sort of resolve and bring an end to the war. Yet the war continued after the U.S. troops withdrew in 1973, and finally ending in 1976.

2. How did this war affect American sensibilities, including the way Americans viewed the war and themselves? 

In the beginning of the war, the U.S. was very positive and optimistic on the U.S. coming out victorious, and when the escalation failed to show that we were making a difference, American people became doubtful. The U.S. citizens were being told that we were winning the war, but as the number of deaths climbed and injuries as well, American's realized the costs of this war. One of the main factors in America becoming disgruntled about the war was the Media. Media was showing everything that was going on in country and people were able to see what the cost and news of the war was first hand, and it caused a public out cry and ultimately changed the view of war, and...

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