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Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The View That Social Class Differences In Educational Achievement Are The Result Of School Process As Labelling

613 words - 3 pages

Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school process as labelling
Self fulfilling prophecy
streaming
pupil subcultures
Explain how these may create class differences in achievement

Labelling is the process of attaching a definition or meaning to an individual or group; e.g. teachers may label a pupil as a ‘trouble’. Most of the time, this label is a stereotype that defines all members of a group in the same way. In addition, social classes have got to do with social groupings or hierarchy based on differences in wealth, income or occupation. In the UK, there are two main social classes; these are the working class and the middle class.
There are quite a few school processes that can create class differences in achievement. The self fulfilling prophecy is when a label is attached to a student ...view middle of the document...

Although some pupils might be negatively labelled and accept the label, thus leading to academic failure, some students actually reject the label. Consequently, proving the teachers wrong which not pushes them to do just as well as middle class students but dismissing the label as whole. However, for the pupils that do get labelled and fail to reject the label can really trigger the class differences of achievement in education in their school year and class conflict within schools. These class differences then carry on from school to the world of work.
The second process that can create class differences is streaming. Streaming occurs when the pupils in each year group are allocated to particular classes based on their overall abilities and taught as the same class for all of their subjects.
It may be lack of material resources which force working class parents and pupils to be oriented to the present and make them unable to “defer gratification”
In any case many working class parents are keen to give their children a better chance than they had

Sub cultures are a group of people within society who share the same norms, values, beliefs and attitude that go against the main stream in society. This is usually different from or opposed to the main stream culture, for instance an anti-school subculture is more likely to be formed by pupils in lower streams. This is backed up by “They have examined the way in which labelling is linked to other processes within schools that result in class differences in achievement” (Item A) “These processes include self-fulfilling prophecy, streaming and the formation of pupil subcultures” (Item A) Therefore working class children will underachieve and middle class children will continue to progress. This can disadvantage working class children because of the use of home and school contracts. The education triage for working class are labelled as “hopeless cases” which then produces a selffulfilling prophecy and.

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