Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere Assess The View That The Education System Exists Mainly To Select And Prepare Young People For Their Future Work Roles

873 words - 4 pages

Some would argue that the education system mainly exists to select and prepare students for their future work roles and careers. Marxists believe that the education system’s role is the ideological apparatus of the state; it spreads ruling-class ideology and favours the middle class. Marxists such as Althusser, Bowels & Gintus and Bourdieu disagree with this statement as they argue working class children get a second class education compared to middle class and are given an unrealistic expectation for the future.
This is further highlighted by Althusser (1971) who believed that educations main function is to reproduce an efficient and obedient workforce, Althusser believes that the ...view middle of the document...

This then could be considered to be planning students for future roles and society but it gives a false expectation of society.
In contrast Parsons said that schools are important units of secondary socialisation and oversees the change in values. It provides the transition for young people from particularistic (ascribed) values to universalistic (achieved) values – this then helps young people be ready for future work roles as they are taught norms and values which aren’t taught by the family. The education system also teaches people how to behave in a working environment; some people could say that school is a smaller version of the work place so having compulsory lessons and rules within the education system prepares you for the strict environment. Functionalists think the education system prepares young people for work because of the expansion of school and higher education as it is necessary to provide a properly trained, qualified work force that are needed to fulfil the current job availabilities given. The education system glues people together through shared values by building social solidarity. The problem with these views are that Functionalists themselves have made the point of it’s who you know and not what you know, so despite the support and values learnt in the education system they may still not be effective to achieve a good well paid job within society and suggests education isn’t necessary, on the other hand having more social knowledge and norms and values is preparing you for future jobs within the work place.
Functionalists Bowels and Gintus (schooling in...

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