This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ussr Fell Because Of Chernobyl Essay

1507 words - 7 pages

On 30th December 1922, the world’s largest nation was established and governed by its first leader, Vladimir Lenin. It grew to become a world superpower, with one of the best military forces and economies in the world. Unexpectedly, on the 26th of December, 1991, this great and mighty nation fell after the resignation of its last leader, Mikhail Gorbachev. Many historians have been coming up with various theories regarding the reason why this great nation fell, but I think that the Chernobyl incident was the main reason which led to the fall of the USSR. Although it may not be the most obvious reason, it was the tipping point which triggered a domino effect of successive economic and ...view middle of the document...

This involved expensive resources which had to be brought from other countries as the USSR had little natural resources due to its permafrost terrain and cold climate which makes growing natural resources difficult. Therefore, the USSR had to divert a lot of its economic resources to protect the natural environment and the people around Chernobyl.

For communism in the USSR to work more effectively, Mikhail Gorbachev wanted to improve publicity, transparency and promote openness. Hence, in the 1980s, Gorbachev introduced Glasnost. Glasnost translated into English meant more transparency, openness and maximal publicity. This meant that policies were more open to debate and opinion, meaning more effective development in the USSR. However, Glasnost was proved to be false after the Chernobyl Incident of 26th of April 1986. This nuclear crisis caused great losses in the USSR, and even posed dangers to other countries. However, the Politburo of USSR decided to disclose the incident towards everybody, which meant that Glasnost was not happening. Only until May 1986, which was one month after the disaster, did Gorbachev actually reveal the reasons and details about the disaster. But according to survivor Sergey Nasirof who lived in Kiev during the disaster, the information revealed to the Kiev population were significantly below the real figures, in order to minimize public concern. Of course, the Ukrainian people later found out the real astonishing figures which were revealed by Swedish scientists who also traced radioactive material in their country.

Source Evaluation
Source 1: Source 2:

My first source was a government propaganda poster used to promote Glasnost after the cover up of the Chernobyl incident. The Soviet government needed to gain the trust from the people and show them that Glasnost was really going to happen, so they had to produce posters like source 1 to let the public know about Glasnost. The content of the poster translated into English means: “Be bold, comrade! Openness – Our strength!” As the poster shows, the small man is hesitating to go into the small microphone hole, but the other man walking out from the more open side of the microphone is moving boldly forward. This is a primary source as it was produced in the time of the Soviet era (specifically late 1980s) and during the same Chernobyl era, which means it should be very accurate. However, the weakness of this source is that it is somewhat biased as it was produced by the Agitprop (Department for Agitation and Propaganda) of the USSR government. This meant that it was pro – government and only talks about how the government Is really imposing Glasnost and not covering anything, when in fact; there were many figures and important details from the Chernobyl incident still covered up.

The second main source I used was a secondary source as it is a book retelling the events which led to the dissolution of...

Other Essays Like Ussr Fell Because of Chernobyl

History and Politics Essay

1086 words - 5 pages common customary norms that would never let USSR to become familiar with them. Because all efforts of Russia since 17-th till the 19-th century to become closer with Europe let to the wars. For example Russo-Polish War in 1667, Russo-Swedish War in 1721, Russo-Turkish War in 1870 these 3 major wars proves that Russia always had ambitions to become superpower in whole continent. Europe had known USSR’s ambitions through their past background. Thus

The Future Looks Bright For Ja

2453 words - 10 pages radiation was contained within the nuclear power plant and there were no environmental or health effects caused by the escape of hydrogen gas. CHERNOBYL The1986 accident in the Ukraine at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant opened everyone's eyes to the extreme dangers and potentially catastrophic consequences of nuclear accidents. Years of destruction and suffering occurred from the nuclear fallout at Chernobyl. It is the worst nuclear accident the

Explain Why the Cold War Came to an End

624 words - 3 pages Explain why the cold war came to an end. (13marks) You may use the following to help you in your answer, the internal weaknesses of the USSR and the role of Gorbachev.  A fundamental cause as to why the Cold War came to an end was the internal weakness of the USSR. This is because around 1975, the Soviet Union entered a period of economic distress, and never managed to emerge from this. The USSR looked to Europe, first and foremost West

WAS THE DROPPING OF THE ATOMIC BOMB JUSTIED?

788 words - 4 pages had no choice but to go in to war with them, because they knew Japan would not stop until they got what they wanted; which was oil. The ‘Cold war’ is the name given to the relationship that developed primarily to the USA and USSR after the WW2. The USA and USSR were both together against Nazi Germany during the Second World War, but at the end of the war, they fell

Cold War - Essay 2

1248 words - 5 pages During the whole period, rivalry was expressed through propaganda, image distortion, dirt of dangerous weapons, military conditions; competitive in technology e.g. space race and industrial advances. Both USSR and US spent exotically in defense. Despite their allying against the axis powers in the world war two, they fell in sharp differences on the post-war world’s image as they had become the worlds supper powers based on economy, technology

The West Was Responsible For The Deaths In Hungary In 1956

686 words - 3 pages The West was responsible for the deaths in Hungary - not the Russians.When the Soviet Union dominated Eastern Europe during the 1940s, many countries, including Hungary, were plundered for resources and their economies geared toward the benefit of the USSR. Because of this, the people of Hungary had long been dissatisfied with Russian despotism. An attempted revolution occurred in 1956 with a loss of around 27,000 lives. Although the role of the

To What Extent Did The US Deterrence Successfully Contain Communism?

1237 words - 5 pages The US was determined to implement a foreign policy of containment towards the USSR since the beginning of 1945. The US disagreed to requests Stalin made at the Yalta and Potsdam conference, which served to limit Stalin's power and control over Europe. President Truman became even more concerned after receiving George Kennan's Long Telegram in February 1946. This telegram was sent by the US ambassador in Moscow, reporting on the destructive

Expose The Multiple Contradictions And Mistakes Of The Cold War Players

1425 words - 6 pages their causes.One of the first incidents of the Cold War was the Berlin Blockade (from 1948-1949). Stalin restricted the access of any goods or people from Western Germany to the Western part of Berlin in order to make the Allies retreat. This was a mistake however because it only heightened the tension in between the two Superpowers. The Allies decided to pass supplies through the air using cargo planes.Right after WWII the USSR decided to wrap the

The Cold War

1212 words - 5 pages Pigs standoff and the Cuban missile crisis and Kennedy making speeches about Cuba and war. People were afraid of war and protesting Vietnam and why we were there. He said the key parties of the Cold War were the United States and the USSR until it fell apart. He stated “When looking back on it today we would have to include North Korea and China as well” (R. Pieper, personal communication, February 7, 2014). Ron not only experienced the Cold

Blaming Khrushchev For The Cuban Missile Crisis Is Wrong, For It Is Kennedy Who Precipitated The Crisis And No One Else

1460 words - 6 pages not threatened in the first place. This however caused a deep rift in the US-soviet relations which was an opportunity for USSR to gain a foothold in the Caribbean ; and thus allowed the opportunity for missiles to be placed on Cuba and arising to the tensions that followed. Khrushchev had a part to play in the Cuba missile crisis as well because his action of giving aid to Cuba, a traditional backyard of the USSR, further fuelled the already

Nuclear Power

748 words - 3 pages Nuclear power and hydropower, both are able to produce energy without releasing fossil fuels into the air. They are both inexpensive to run but they are expensive to build. Both of these clean air options have advantages and disadvantages. Nuclear power plants have had some major disasters in the past, which make people hesitant of building more. You have to think about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and 20th century Chernobyl nuclear

Related Papers

Chernobyl Essay

911 words - 4 pages . Also, the Exclusion Zone is not enough protected, and there is illegal entry beyond the perimeter of the Chernobyl zone without permission of the administration area and without an accompanying person. Such visitors put themselves at great risk, because the territory has numerous packs of wolves and wild boars, a large number of reptiles, such as vipers, and clouds of midges. Also, dilapidated state of buildings in the villages and towns, where it’s

The Chernobyl Incident Essay

1727 words - 7 pages from the soviet union. Because of the governments secrecy of Chernobyl, they let the situation become when they could have admitted. Their mistake and a large cleanup process could have been started sooner before it spread into other nations. To Conclude, The Chernobyl accident was a tragic mistake that could have been avoided. The causes of the catastrophe was poor training of the workers mixed with bad design plans of the plant itself

Shadow Of Chernobyl Essay

1115 words - 5 pages on the unfinished reactors 5 and 6 was halted three years later. However, the trouble at the Chernobyl plant did not end with the disaster in reactor 4. The damaged reactor was sealed off and 200 meters (660 ft) of concrete was placed between the disaster site and the operational buildings. The Ukrainian government continued to let the three remaining reactors operate because of an energy shortage in the country. A fire broke out in the turbine

Chernobyl Disater Essay

3032 words - 13 pages . Retrieved February 4, 2012, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2011/apr/26/chernobyl-nuclear-disaster-in-pictures Photos of the Chernobyl disaster. 01:22. conditions, w. t., & test, t. l. (n.d.). DISASTER: Timeline of Events. ThinkQuest : Library. Retrieved February 4, 2012, from http://library.thinkquest.org/3426/data/disaster/timeline.html The operator disabled emergency shutdown procedures because a shutdown would abort the test