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Varying Responses To Australia's Involvement In The Vietnam War

768 words - 4 pages

Using the sources provided and your own knowledge, explain the varying responses to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War.

The responses to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War varied abundantly over its government, army, and many sections of the broader community, and created much controversy within Australian society. Majorities opposed to the idea when the Australian Government decided to introduce conscription for compulsory military service of 20 year olds in November 1964. The conscription issue involved its supporters, debates, protests and conscientious objectives. This essay will discuss the varying responses to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War.
Firstly, ...view middle of the document...

Secondly, due to the division in society over the varying responses to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War, arguments were solved with a civilized manner – Debates. One very relevant debate (shown in Source D), conducted in 1961 – 1970, consisted of public opinions on conscription. Very interestingly, the support for conscription decreased quite dramatically by 15% over the 9 years that the information was extracted. It is assumed the popularity decrease was due to the suffering caused for both families and men affected in the war.
Thirdly, by 1969 anti-war protests were gathering momentum in Australia. Opposition to conscription mounted, as more people came to believe the war could not be won. In 1970 in the well-known Moratorium marches of 1970 and 1971, more than 200,000 people gathered to protest against the war, in cities and towns throughout the country. Source G states Dr Jim Cairn’s knowledge on the Vietnam Moratorium Campaign and what was happening to the civilians of it’s country. The statement also demonstrates how the war did not at all benefit the Vietnamese people. “The killing and devastation is not declining. It is spreading and increasing”. Source E also illustrates the Moratorium movement’s logos encouraging people to stop work and school in order to stop the war.
Lastly, the war was the cause of the greatest...

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