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Victorian Period Essay

709 words - 3 pages

The Victorian Period
The Victorian Age was a time of great change in both Great Britain and the United States. Changes occured quickly in all areas of the society. Both countries were rapidly changing from agriculture to an industrial society. These changes influenced the attitudes and values of the emerging soceity.
In 1837, William IV died and his heir was his niece, Victoria. Queen Victoria ruled for 64 years and her reign was so outstanding it became known as the "Victorian Era". Victoria interferred very little in the government and allowed the prime minister a free hand. Two outstanding prime ministers were William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli. Disraeli showed great interest in ...view middle of the document...

Many people believed that this theory contradicted the story of Creation in the Bible. Louis Pasteur developed the "pasteurization' process and showed how vaccinations help the body produce antibodies which protect us from diseases. The development of anesthetics which led to new surgical techniques and the use of antiseptics helped hospitals become houses of healing. Scientists discovered the germ that caused tuberculosis, and traced some epidemic diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. Aspirin became available in the 1890's. Refrigeration appeared in the late 1800's and this made a balanced diet available year round.
In mid 1800's, writers began to turn realistic using the realities of every day life in their work. Mary Ann Evans (George Elliot) wrote a realistic novel about life of an every day woman, MADAME BOVERY. Often realists used social and economic conditions as their themes. Tolstoy, in WAR AND PEACE , protrayed war as a vast confusion of misery and death. More people read during this period, and with the invention of the steam driven press, produced a lot of print--newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, and books in large numbers. Journalism came of...

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