Vietnam War Essay
During 1968, the Vietnam War was a defining moment in American History. It was caused by many factors that contributed to the warfare in Vietnam during the years. Most factors were the beliefs held by people who wanted or to prevent Vietnam becoming an independent country. Many people suffered due to these beliefs and policies and that the Vietnam War is now considered as one of the most distressing moments in the 20th century. During this time, fear and suspicion were prevalent due to the decisions of the government, and battle occurring in Vietnam.
The Vietnam War had evolved from a civil war to a guerrilla war, and then ultimately became a total war. The Vietnam Conflict started out as a civil war, because after the French left the colony of Vietnam county divided into two rival factions, North and South. The communist nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh, whose ideals were based on communist China, led the north. The south was ...view middle of the document...
S was not familiar with the terrain of Vietnam or the will of their opponent. The United States tried to combat this strategy by using conventional military tactics. President Johnson, after he received congressional consent with the use of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, believed he could bomb the north into submission. They started off with Operation Rolling Thunder. It is considered that Operation Rolling Thunder dropped more bombs on North Vietnam then the United States dropped on Germany during World War II.
The Vietnam conflict began long before the U.S. became directly involved. Indochina, which includes Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, was under French colonial rule. The Vietnam communist-nationalist, also known as the Vietminh, fought for their freedom from the French. The French were being slaughtered, and were doing little to keep the communist North Vietnamese out of South Vietnam. The U.S. sent financial aid to France to help them eliminate the communist threat. At the Geneva Conference in 1954, the major powers tried to come to an agreement on Indochina. There would be a temporary division on the 17th parallel in Vietnam. The Vietminh would control North Vietnam, and South Vietnam would be ruled under the emperor Bao Dai. There was to be an election held in two years to set up the permanent government and the U.S. did not agree to these terms. After the conference, the U.S. moved to create the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization to protect Indochina from communist aggression. The U.S. supported the new leader Ngo Dinh Diem when he took power in South Vietnam.
In conclusion, The Vietnam War escalated from a Vietnamese civil war into a limited international conflict, in which the United States was deeply involved. The Vietnam War was fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by the North Vietnamese. Despite increased American military involvement and signed peace agreements in 1973, the Vietnam War did not end until North Vietnam's successful invasion of South Vietnam in 1975. The Vietnam War may have been the longest war in American history, but after South Vietnam collapsed, America was left to question their highly controversial involvement in a lost cause.