WAR ON TERRORISM>>>>MYTH OR REALITY
The issue of terrorism has caught much attention in post 9/11 world affairs, changed the paradigm with new dimensions and re-shaped the parameters of world foreign policy. Now the Terrorism is constant threat to the world security at large with many new shapes but does not have any common strategy to handle this issue in time bound and proper manner.
The military solution that has been used to counter the terrorism has made the situation worse than to repeal it. It has grown number of concerns about violations of the human rights in the form of collateral damages, detention, convictions, harassments and created problems instead of solving ...view middle of the document...
Since then, to extend the conflict of the Cold War battleground, many foreign countries provided massive support in the form of money (Dollars, Saudi Rials), sophisticated & heavy weapons, logistics and modern communication tools for the resistance, nearly all of it channelled through Pakistan and among them was Osama bin Laden, who came to Pakistan in the early 1980s and built training camps for these foreign and local recruits inside Afghanistan. These Mujahideen united under a new name “Taliban” in 1994, got control of country and renamed Afghanistan as Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
The word terrorism got much popularity among the security expert in the post 9/11 paradigm and open new dimensions for debate. The global 'war on terror', launched after the terrible event of September 11 attack on the World Trade Centre that killed some 3000 innocent peoples, has become an important defining influence on global affairs. It covers more than the wars against Iraq and Afghanistan. The United States and NATO responded to the attacks by launching a "War on Terrorism", invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, who had harboured al-Qaeda terrorists in the country. The subsequent bombing on Afghanistan to attack Osama Bin Laden’s Al Qaeda terrorist network and the Taliban for harbouring them has also led to some 3,500 innocent civilian deaths.
Pakistan decided to become the coalition partner and play a role of front line state by providing logistic and intelligence support to US and NATO forces. Since 9/11 Pakistan has paid high cost for its efforts in the form of large number of forces and civilian causalities, politically as not focused on the building of institutions and economically about more than 15 billion US dollars. The civil war has been created on the border areas of NWFP and Baluchistan.
The objective of the paper is to discuss the origin of the issue and the current situation of the terrorist and militancy in Pakistan. In last part of the paper I suggested some sustainable solution of the issue and emphasize the role that how the international community can help to resolve the issues of terrorism.
I. Local, Regional and International Dimensions of the Issue
With the passage of time the issue of terrorism is getting complex and more difficult to understand; biggest hindrance is to find different dimensions to influence on it. Despite the continuous efforts, the momentum of the issue is strengthened. Analysing different dimension of the issue will help us understand the issue and design the correct strategy to handle it.
Inaccessibility of the area and weak government writ
Federally and provincially administrative tribal areas of Pakistan have a long history of war, deprivation and still living with no basic life facility. More than 60 % people are living below poverty line. FATA is situated on the border of Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line about 1600 km long; with 850 in FATA, NWFP and 750 with...