Stalin had transformed Russia from poor backward country into a modern, powerful industrial nation capable of rivalling superpowers like the USA, indicating the progress Russia had made economically since Stalin took over. First and foremost, Stalin recognised the need for a strong industrial base for USSR that can reach the level of capitalist countries in the west, to prevent them from being beaten in another possible war. Stalin first came up with a series of plans, drawn up by approved by the state planning commission which set incredibly high goals and targets the various industries and agriculture had to achieve. Though it was a failure on Stalin part as Russia narrowly ...view middle of the document...
Stalin had also used his policy of labour camps to great effect. Detainees of the labour camps made up majority of Russia’s workforce and were made to do slave labour, construction in some extremely inhospitable working conditions, that was crucial to Russia’s industrialisation like driving the canal from the white sea to the Baltic sea. The effect of Stalin policies were phenomenal, Russia annual industrial growth was 12-13%. Russia rapid and successful industrialisation enables them to boast one of the highest industrial production rate alongside USA. Thus as seen Stalin’s various policies had a positive and profound impact on the economy, helping to transform it into a prosperous and powerful one as compared to the beginning of Stalin’s reign, hence Stalin was successful in terms of helping Russia achieving growth economically.
Stalin ‘s policies impact
One of Russia first aim, after the dethroning of the Tsar, was to establish Russia as a state of communism via a socialistic state first. However, Stalin obsessions with industrialisation and perhaps driving his own personal agenda in maintaining his power, had seen Russia slipped back into the autocratic dictatorship of the Tsar era. The strength of communism in his government is questionable given that Stalin had failed to adhere to the original tenets of communism. Stalin had disregarded the ideologies and values of Marxism which states the political state of the country should be the dictatorship of the Proletariat, in Stalin’s case, it was the dictatorship of one man, Stalin himself. In an outright display of autocratic leadership, Stalin refused democratic elections to select leaders or make decisions which are a crucial aspect of communism where the direction of the country is determined by the people, the proletarians. A policy of Stalin that perfectly exemplifies his autocratic leadership would be “the Purging”, where Stalin not only denied elections, but also removed his opposition by force to consolidate his power. Stalin had arrested any suspected oppositions , sending them to labour camp, where they are executed or detained. It was estimated that 40 million people were arrested during year 1936-51. A notable casualty would be Leon Trotsky, Stalin’s political rival, who was murdered in Mexico by Stalin’s men. Hence as seen Stalin’s reign was a failure, he had failed to steer Russia in the direction of a communistic state, progressing towards that goal, rather he was deviating, slipping back into the autocratic era.
While Stalin policies brought about huge economy success, and growth for the country it also necessitate failure in term of the social aspect of Stalin’s...