Was The First World War Caused By The Alliance System?

1086 words - 5 pages

First World War caused by the Alliance system?


The Great Powers in Europe were seeking to make alliances along Europe for defensive purposes and the settlement of outstanding disputes between them. However, these alliances were not just normal alliances where one country would agree to defend the other in case of war, these alliances of the 19-20th century which eventually lead to the First World War, were by 1914 translated to war-tactics alliances. This meant that alliances were accompanied by military discussions in which generals were seeking to find how they could best combine their troops if there was a war. Also, countries and alliances would choose who their enemy ...view middle of the document...

- Germany and Austria were obliged to come for Italy’s help in the event of a French attack on Italy.

- Italy had to come for help if France attacked the Germans

- If any one or two of the powers of this alliance was in war with two or more Great Powers, then the other one left who was not involved in war, had to come and help.

- This example here with the Triple Alliance shows how it was again inevitable that the three countries, Italy, Austria and Germany came to war.

- Everyone during this alliance system in Europe were loyal to each other, an example of this is when Germany agreed to support Italy in North Africa during a Franco-Italian war. This shows that Italy owed Germany for getting the help during this war, therefore when World War one broke out, Italy could not back off and not help them.

- There were many tensions between the different alliances, for example when in 1888 when Germany and Italy signed a military agreement, which eventually alarmed and provoked France and Russia and consequently warned them.

- However in 1900-12, Germany and Austria had little faith towards Italy’s loyalty, since they found out that Italy made a secret agreement with France, assuring them that Italy would remain neutral if there was an attack to France or if France declared war.

Paragraph 3:

- 1891-1894 – Franco-Russian Alliance.

- Russia agreed to provide between 70 000 and 80 000 troops against Germany, if Germany attacked France or if Italy attacked France with the German support. Here we can see how alliances were already deciding who were their enemies, since they even agreed who would attack and how they would defend themselves.

- France would supply 1 300 000 men against Germany, if Germany or Austria supported by Germany attacked Russia.

- If one or more members of the Triple alliance (Germany, Austria and Italy) mobilized, then both Russia and France would mobilize too. This agreement here shows how it was unavoidable that when Germany started mobilizing by 1914, after it declared war on Russia, then France mobilized as well.

- The agreement between France and Russia was also made indefinite, and also a Naval...

Other Essays Like Was the First World War Caused by the Alliance System?

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European

The Assessed Causes of the First World War

964 words - 4 pages Long Term Causes And Arguments: In 1838, a agreement was formed to protect Belgium if attacked or invaded. Briton along with other major European powers signed this therefore dragging themselves into the First World War when Germany invaded Belgium to fight France. In 1848, Austria-Hungary under Franz Josef lost a war against France, beginning a long rivalry between the two countries. In 1860, Italy was founded which agravated

History - to What Extend Was the Fall of the Berlin Wall Caused by Public Unrest?

2198 words - 9 pages 1 2 3 History Coursework To what extend was the fall of the Berlin Wall caused by public outrages? Contents Page: A) Plan of investigation – Page 3 B) Summary of evidence – Page 4-6 C) Evaluation of sources – Page 7 D) Analysis – Page 8 E) Conclusion – Page 9 F) List of sources – Page 10 1. Plan of investigation: The fall of the Berlin Wall was a major historical event not only for the German public but

First World War

984 words - 4 pages involved and caused much instability. The other one was the desire of independent nations for governance and kudos. As the powers try to control each other in Europe, their rivalries were regarded as one of the causes of WW1. The third one was the Alliance System. It was started by Bismarck, the German Chancellor from 1871 to 1890. After the Franco-Prussian War, Bismarck held that Germany was a satiated state which should give up ideas of further

An Unnatural Alliance That Was Bound to Fall Apart After the Defeat of the Common Enemy. to What Extent Does This Statement Explain the Origin of the Cold War

1842 words - 8 pages During the Second World War, the USSR and the USA, the two great nations in the 1940s united each other to defeat their common enemy, Nazi Germany. Their alliance was however ‘unnatural’ as both countries had conflicting ideologies, capitalism vs. communism and both wanted to spread their power and control in the world. Their incompatible ideologies from the start together with their troubled relationship since 1918 when the west intervened on

Was Hitler Primarily Responsible for the Outbreak of the Second World War

895 words - 4 pages Hitler was primarily responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War. He was too ambitious that he constantly violated the Treaty of Versailles to rearm and invade other countries, and even ignored the ultimatum sent by Britain and invaded Poland which directly marked the beginning of the Second World War. Firstly, his adoption of expansionist policy posed a serious threat to world peace. Germany built up a strong army, which made a war

War of the World

744 words - 3 pages Wars of the World World War I began in 1914 after the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand the heir to the Austrian throne. The war was fought by the Allies (Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan and the United States in 1917) and the Central Powers (Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire). Although, the assassination of the heir to the throne might have triggered the war the state of the countries had been

The Second World War

792 words - 4 pages people were killed, including the use of two nuclear weapons in combat),[3] it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.[4] The Empire of Japan aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific and was already at war with the Republic of China in 1937,[5] but the world war is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939[6] with the invasion of Poland by Germany and

To What Extent Was The US Responsible For The Collapse Of The Grand Alliance At The End Of WW2?

1398 words - 6 pages To what extent was the United States responsible for the collapse of the Grand Alliance at the end of WWII?The role the United States played in the collapse of the Grand Alliance varies depending on who you ask; there are the Orthodox group who place the sole blame for the collapse on Soviet shoulders, or the Revisionists who believe that the Soviets actions were a legitimate response to the threat held by the USA's economic and strategic

The Vietnam War Was Unethical

819 words - 4 pages also is we want to make South Vietnam to become an obstacle that could stop the spreading of communist. Second, why did our government kept so many secrets to public during the war? Why our embassy was occupied by Vietcong just after our government said: “American is standing on the brink of triumph.” Third, do we really know a country 8000 miles far away from us? Knowing them so well that we are sure they would like our ideology. Fourth, our

Thesis on the Unilateral Damage Caused by Vestubla Stroke

1544 words - 7 pages international and national protection and rights frameworks and the ways in which both internal state policies and individual decisions might prohibit access to some forms of protection as well as access to rights. Refugee Protection, Forced Migration and Human Rights In some receiving countries, including South Africa, access to the asylum process can be problematic. First, misunderstandings by officials about the asylum system and assumptions about

Related Papers

What Caused The First World War?

1526 words - 7 pages War? The nationalism of each country, competitions in the military and imperialism, and the alliance system gradually built the tension of the world war. The assassination of Ferdinand was what allowed a conflict to break out, which was developed in to WWI by the domino effect.

The Extent To Which The March 1917 Revolution In Russia Was Caused By World War One

1355 words - 6 pages The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One In March 1917, a revolution arose in Russia after it had been struggling with social, political and economical problems. Workers began riots in the streets and soon after soldiers joined too. The Tsar had lost all power over Russia, and on the 2nd of March, was forced to abdicate on a train outside of Russia, not able to go back. This

What Was The Most Important Cause Of The First World War?

753 words - 4 pages , battleships called Dreadnoughts. Russia mobilised its army (got ready to fight) ALLIANCE SYSTEM The Triple Alliance linked Germany, the Austrian Empire and Italy; the Triple Entente brought together Britain, France and Russia. Chart 2: Whose fault was the war? GERMANY In western Europe, France had lost land (Alsace Lorraine) to Germany after a war in 1870; Russia mobilised its army (got ready to fight) which caused the Germans to declare war on Russia

To What Extent Was The Impact Of The First World War Responsible For The Downfall Of Tsarism In March 1917?

1720 words - 7 pages To what extent was the impact of the First World War responsible for the downfall of Tsarism in March 1917? In March 1917, Nicholas II abdicated and brought Tsarist’s three hundred year reign to an end. The issue of the Tsar’s downfall divides historians with two different viewpoints. The first perspective is that Russia was making progress, however it was solely undermined by the First World War in which the war caused massive losses, poor