This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Was The The Scientific Revolution A Real Threat To Western Christian Values?

1217 words - 5 pages

The Scientific Revolution shifted focus from Church authority to the authority of science and reason. Fresh concepts in science added to our understanding of the world around us: a new view of the solar system (Kepler and Galileo), a closer look at the human body and its functions (Vesalius), and the detailed workings of nature (Pascal and Newton). Philosophical ideas of the time resulted in our modern logic: supremacy of questioning (Descartes) and supremacy of God over the universe (Newton). This new era produced unique perspectives that had the potential to desecrate commonly held Western Christian values. Sir Isaac Newton and the combined efforts of both scientists and Christian ...view middle of the document...

Values form the core of an individual or a religion that are somewhat flexible and have a strong emotional backing. Copernicus' challenge to tradition stemmed from an outdated philosophical system. However, René Descartes appeared over fifty years after the death of Copernicus to present the world with an innovative attitude.Born a Catholic in France but actually a de facto Protestant, René Descartes became the father of modern geometry and a significant philosopher of his generation and today's. Although never officially converting, his ideas echoed the beliefs of Church reformers such as Luther and Calvin and he would move from France to Protestant Holland later in his life. Belief in questioning tradition and the reasoning of the individual coincided with the views of Protestant theologians. For Descartes, everything in life required verifiable evidence-this would lead to his famous quote "cogito, ergo sum" which translates as "I think, therefore I am" in English. This quote became the foundation on which Descartes came to understand everything else. He questioned everything in his lifetime, thus not allowing tradition to be a plausible argument. Descartes may have gradually moved towards Protestantism because most of the basis of Roman Catholic dogma lies in tradition. Had Descartes placed a heavy emphasis on the Catholic reliance on tradition, there could have been disastrous consequences for the Church. The Church could have lost the support of most scientists and thus lost the respect of the middle class that supported the discoveries in fields of astronomy, physics, mathematics, et al. The Church would again have to condemn one of its members (as it had done to Martin Luther and Galileo) and make compromise difficult. Descartes did not attack the values of the Western Christians, but questioned the idea of tradition like the reformers.Broken from tradition, the new science centralized itself around observation and experimentation rather than speculation and theorization based on old postulates. Whereas Copernicus speculated with an old philosophical system, Kepler would validate his idea of a central sun with mathematics and Galileo would confirm the idea with astronomical observations. The new view of the solar system opposed the traditions of the Church, but the values of Western Christians stayed intact. In a grand microcosm of the Church's response to these findings, a Jesuit colleague of Galileo refused to look through a telescope for fear of what he may see. Galileo demanded that tradition and the Bible allow science to have the final say on the truth of the universe so the Inquisition tried him twice and had him put under house arrest the...

Other Essays Like Was The The Scientific Revolution A Real Threat To Western Christian Values?

The Wave of Militant Strike Action Was the Most Serious Threat to the Liberal Government Between 1910 and 1914

964 words - 4 pages In the years between 1910 and 1914 the wave of militant strike action was indeed the most serious threat to the Liberals as it shook the nation to its very core. As a result of these strikes, Britain itself faced economic disaster as the workers went on strike not motivated by working conditions or pay but instead to show the owners and politicians that they were a force to be reckoned with and as a result in 1913 alone 40 million days’ worth of

How Revolutionary Was The American Revolution?

881 words - 4 pages indentured servants. The class structure did not change, there were more indentured servants than ever, and the Revolution did nothing to end and little to ameliorate white bondage. The only real change that occurred in relation to class structure was that the rich men of the colonies were able to get richer as a result of the navigation laws and the economic system of mercantilism being void. However, this can be regarded as to insignificant change

The Main Threat to the Weimar Republic in the Period 1919-23 Was the Extreme Right" How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement?

1005 words - 5 pages The main threat to the Weimar Republic in the period 1919-23 was the extreme right" How far do you agree with this judgement? The Weimar Republic was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost the First World War. Many people felt that Germany had received a very harsh deal in the Treaty of Versailles and they resented the government for signing it and agreeing to its conditions. In the period 1919-23 there were threats to

The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One

1355 words - 6 pages The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One In March 1917, a revolution arose in Russia after it had been struggling with social, political and economical problems. Workers began riots in the streets and soon after soldiers joined too. The Tsar had lost all power over Russia, and on the 2nd of March, was forced to abdicate on a train outside of Russia, not able to go back. This

“the Puritans Were Never a Serious Threat to Elizabeth” How Far Do You Agree?

1148 words - 5 pages caution and anxiety on Elizabeth’s part and it was an ongoing issue throughout her reign, yet I do not believe it posed an extremely serious threat again her Majesty as she remained in power and managed to avoid civil war or a violent rebellion. As Elton argued, “the Presbyterian threat was no real threat at all” and “Puritans failed to change the organisation and hierarchy of the church.”

A Short Extra Credit Blurb On How The Holocuast Was A Challenge To Western Civilization; References To Schindler's List, Otherwise No Bibliography- A Good Starting Point For A More In Depth Paper

658 words - 3 pages How was the Holocaust a challenge to Western Tradition?It was believed that the Jews were hated because of economics, their religion, and the racial theory that they were inferior. Economically Jews were hated because they seemed to possess great power and wealth, which led to more and more groups disliking them. In their religion, they believe that they are the chosen people of Jesus and many people didn?t see that as plausible and resented the

Was the Impact on Industrial Revolution Positive?

531 words - 3 pages A revolution begins when someone has a demand for reform with they’re country. Writers from the Enlightenment were usually arguing with the social, political and economic ways in their country. Quite a few of them wrote of better ways to solve these grievances. Many people across the world were fed up with their kings, restricted voting rights, and empires. One of the writers from the Enlightenment wrote that people should be able to have

How Accurate Is It To Say That The Yorkists Remained A Serious Threat To Henry Vii’S Security Throughout His Reign?

1593 words - 7 pages this growing Yorkist support around Simnel and sent 2000 German mercenaries to Ireland. This then led to the Battle of Stoke in 1487 in which Henry was forced to fight, which only highlights the danger to him. However henry won the battle of Stoke, which only confirmed his right to be king. Furthermore this cannot be considered a vast threat, due to the fact that the real Earl or Warwick was alive and being kept in the tower therefore SImnel had no

The Anthrax Threat

944 words - 4 pages The Anthrax Threat Today's US military personnel around the world face a new threat: Biological weapons. To protect the US troops against Biological weapons; the Department of Defense implemented a mandatory vaccination program against anthrax. This was justified to counter an increasing threat from hostile countries and possible terrorist groups that now or in the future will likely possess the capability of

The Impending Threat

1184 words - 5 pages The noose tightens around the People’s Republic, as the United States makes its presence known. The PLA (People’s Liberation Army) is becoming an advanced military force. It continues to expand because of one thing: the United States of America is becoming a threat. Known for its arts and beautiful country, China now faces a real deal of nuclear attack. Even now, US battleships and submarines point menacing nuclear missiles at China, poised to

Was The French Revolution Worth The Blood Shed

997 words - 4 pages arguments expressed in the text is that the French monarchy, before the Revolution, deprived the lower class citizens of food and necessities. France was experiencing a shortage of food and supplies, and the poor suffered the most, not being able to afford these things. In addition, the monarchy was imposing taxes upon the poor that made it even less likely that they could afford their necessities. Of the many changes brought about by the Revolution

Related Papers

The Scientific Revolution Essay

825 words - 4 pages Of all the changes that swept over Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the most widely influential the "Scientific Revolution." We associate this revolution with natural science and technological change, but the scientific revolution was really a series of changes in the structure of European thought itself. These changes greatly changed the human experience of every other aspect of life, from individual life to the life of the

Animal Farm Was The Revolution A Success

716 words - 3 pages The revolution of Animal Farm was inevitably going to fail. The state of the farm was left dilapidated, and the comradery between the animals was lost, thus making the revolution a failure. Old Major unveiled his dreams and ideals for the revolution before his fateful death. One of these ideals was to adopt an essence of equality amongst all animals of the farm. Another ideal envisioned by Old Major was that after the animals conquer man, they

The Scientific Revolution: Francis Bacon’s Contribution

1521 words - 7 pages The Scientific Revolution & Francis Bacon’s Contribution Michelle L. Rice History 142 Section 6380 Michael Kopanic, Ph.D. April 18, 2010 What is the Scientific Revolution? There seems to be several definitions that all point to the same end. The Scientific Revolution was a revolution in thinking -- ideas, thoughts, and beliefs. It was a time where long-held

How Was The Tsar Able To Survive The 1905 Revolution

805 words - 4 pages revolutionary change. In conclusion, it can be said that the Tsarist regime survived the revolution for a number of reasons, of which most prominent was foremost the divided opposition, which helped them to crush pockets of resistance. The lack of leadership also played a considerable role in assisting the Tsarist regime, as the majority of the people were unorganised and hence un-united. The groups broadcasting their ideas had no real way of actually