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Water Poor Community Essay

1302 words - 6 pages

Name: Chong Meng Kuan (Dean) Student ID: 90006513

Over 1.2 billion of people have been facing shortage of clean and drinkable water sources and 2.8 billion of people are affected every year in this planet full of water sources. “783 million people, or 11 per cent of the global population, remain without access to an improved source of clean water”, quoted United Nations 2013. These are the water issues and that had been proved by researchers around the world. This essay discuss the importance of water on human body, how the lives of people in water poor communities around the world are impacted, poor sanitation, health effects on people in water poor communities and opportunities for a ...view middle of the document...

Pakistan, one of the developing country in the world that is having a poor water system, giving bad effects on essential requirements for healthy living on the people (AmberAfshan, March 2013). Example of the effects are hepatitis A, which caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus and diarrhea which caused by contaminated water (AmberAfshan, March 2013). Over 60 percentage of children in Pakistan deceased because of sanitation and water concerned disease (AmberAfshan, March 2013). “With diarrheal diseases estimated at killing over 200,000 under-five years' children, every year” (“World Water Day: Pakistan 60 Million People No Access to Safe Drinking Water”). Although the people in Pakistan is facing bad impacts from poor drinking water system to keep them well-functioned, the governments should also take actions as well to decrease the rate of death or solve the problem gradually. Another example of water poor community is in Sub-Sahara Africa. Over 39 percentage of population in Sub-Sahara Africa, which refers to 334 million people are lacking the access of clean drinking water (AllAfrica.com, March 2013). On the other hand, about 600 million of people, which is 70 percentage of population in Sub-Sahara Africa is having hygiene problems (AllAfrica.com, March 2013). "330 million Africans today live without access to clean water, so the road to travel is long, but we can for the first time see the end in sight. With more than 1,000 African children under the age of five dying every day from diseases brought about from a lack of water and sanitation, Africans will not accept failure. We have to reach this target." (WaterAid Pan_Africa Programme Manager, Mr. Nelson Gomonda). These are the data adapted on the situation of people in current water poor community, which the problem should be relieved as soon as possible by the aid from inside and outside of the country. For instance avoid drinking contaminated water from polluted area or landfill full of waste and decrease infections that could transmit among humans (World Health Organization, 25 June 2008).

Poverty of accessing clean water and good hygiene sanitation are the crucial and important factors that could affect anyone’s health. Pathogens uses many ways to transmit water related diseases through water such as cholera. Especially for developing countries, people are taking high risk of getting disease because of poor water supply, hygiene and sanitation (Sadia Jabeen, 2011). Due to the basic needs of increasing population, governments are inefficient to support the regular needs of city residents. Diseases like dysentery, diarrhea and cholera are faced by residents in rural and urban places. Moreover, Water and Sanitation (WASTAN) installations required in crowded housing areas are increasing rapidly as well. Some countries like Pakistan that has a poor drinking water system failed to have clean and safe drinking water, affecting their health and causing spreadable diseases....

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