Weimar: The Veneer Of Stability Essay

814 words - 4 pages

The Veneer of Stability – Weimar Germany
The latter years of the Twenties saw a remarkable level of progress and stability from the ‘Weimar Republic’ in the political, economical, social and cultural arenas. They represented the ‘Golden Age’ of the republic, spearheaded by Stresemann’s ‘Great Coalition’. However, this stability was merely a thin veneer of success concealing a thoroughly compromised core of anti-republican organisations representing the traditional power-holders of Germany. Given time, and perhaps luck, this veneer could have proliferated and outlived this nihilistic core, but with the sudden onset of the Great Depression, and its direct blow at the inherently weak, ...view middle of the document...

These groups existed in the form of the right wing Judiciary, the army that the republic owed its survival to, the nationalistic society at large, angry over the penalties and hypocrisies of the ToV, and last, but certainly not least, the ultra right wing parties of the DNVP and the NSDAP.
This combination proved fatal, providing motive, means and opportunity for an overthrow of the republic. The motive being the decadence and failures of the Twenties being associated with Weimar (highly unpopular), the means being the ability to impede the Republic and its moderate supporters with impunity (biased Judiciary, friendly (in later years, army)) and the depression itself.
The Weimar Republic, fortunately, was able to mitigate these issues, with the introduction of Hindenburg as president (1925), the republic was given credibility and respect, weakening the Right-Wing’s motive and means, however, this would prove to be another stopgap measure, in the end being one of the reasons Hitler was able to get into power and orchestrate the final demise of the Republic, with the support of the Judiciary, public and the army, all powerful factors in the politics of Weimar Germany, to its detriment and downfall.
It was this lack of permanent measures (caused by the constant change of governments, particularly the able Stresemann in 1923 and the death of Ebert in 1925) coupled with the...

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