Western Culture And Policies That Have Shaped The Modern World

1535 words - 7 pages

Western culture and policies have shaped the modern world, especially the Middle East, in many ways. Since the sixteenth century, the nations of Western civilization have been the driving wheels of modernization. Globalization is simply the spread of modern institutions and ideas from one high power to the wider world. Technological innovation and economic growth along with such concepts as democracy, individualism, and the rule of law administered by an impartial judiciary, set Western societies above and beyond any possible rival. Other cultures looked to the West as a model, a threat, or some combination of both. One country that was most successful in their confrontations with Western ...view middle of the document...

Rather, the cultural identity of a society expresses its fundamental self-understanding that constitutes the values of the people. In establishing religions people were looking for constitutional values. Religion became a cultural value to certain societies. For example, look at the Western political culture. It has been shaped by Greek philosophy, Roman law, feudalism, and the Renaissance. Western culture also has been shaped a great deal by Christianity, Judaism and by Islam.
Much of the Middle East experienced centuries of Ottoman rule, generally from the mid-sixteenth century up until the declining years of the nineteenth century. The Ottomans' hold on the Middle East was often tenuous and frequently interrupted. Perhaps the biggest relic of British rule was the institution of monarchy, which they secured in almost all the lands they ruled. Nevertheless, the powerful forces uniting the Middle East have at times also been sources of division and conflict. In many historical episodes subtle differences in dialect or ethnic identity have served as powerful catalysts for the communication of national or sub national loyalties.
The Middle East is far from monumental and homogenous. Its differences have been a source of both strength and inspiration. The most visible, most pervasive, and the least recognized aspects of Western influence are in the realm of material things. This involves the infrastructure, amenities, and services of the modern state and city. There was clearly no desire to reverse or even deflect the processes of modernization. Nor indeed were such things as airplanes and cars, telephones and televisions, tanks and artillery, seen as Western or as related to the Western philosophies that preceded and facilitated their invention.
Perhaps the most powerful and persistent of Western political ideas in the region has been that of revolution. The first self-styled revolutions in the Middle East were those of the constitutionalists in Iran and the Young Turks in the Ottoman Empire. In early days, this was sometimes accomplished by a nationalist struggle against foreign overlords. Later it was usually achieved by military officers deposing the rulers in whose armies they served. All of these laid claims to the title "revolutionary," which in time became the most widely accepted claim to legitimacy in government in the Middle East. The Islamic revolution in Iran was the first truly modern revolution of the electronic age. While its symbols and allusions were Islamic rather than European, its models of style and methods were often more European than Islamic. Iranian people suffered greatly from foreign wars, internal strife and repression, and a steadily worsening economic crisis. As in other revolutions, there was recurring conflict between rival factions, sometimes described as extremists and moderates.
Islamic revolutionary movements derived from the revolution in Iran developed in other Muslim countries where they became...

Other Essays Like Western Culture And Policies That Have Shaped The Modern World

The Tools That Shaped Cicero's Political Ideologies

2312 words - 10 pages the study of law, undoubtedly, enabled him to become an intellect and as well, shaped and honed his political views. Cicero's political ideas of civic virtue, fair and just government, and the belief that in order for the Republic to regain its prestige the magistrates must aim for the "wealth" of Rome above their own wealth are all influenced by Cicero's education.Cicero studied philosophy under Phaedrus, the Stoic Diodotus, and the Academic

How Architecture and Literary Styles Affect the Western Culture

825 words - 4 pages Divine Comedy, Dante creates a fictional version of himself who travels through the farthest reaches of hell (Inferno), purgatory (Purgatorio) and paradise (Paradiso). Many details that he describes along this journey have left a lasting impression on the Western imagination for more than half a millennium. In fact, the rather stereotypical images of the afterlife I described earlier are all represented in his work. But Dante also found novel ways

The Western World in the Eighteen and Ninteen Hundreds

1310 words - 6 pages The Western World in the Eighteen and Ninteen Hundreds Nature underwent an incredible alteration in the way in which it was viewed by man in the Western World in the eighteen and nineteen hundreds. Venturing onto the banks of their land of promise, the first immigrants to America’s northeast shores found a trackless expanse which, instead of filling them with hope and promise for their newly won future, brought about trepidation and

Around The World In A Heart Shaped Balloon

1500 words - 6 pages Around the World in a Heart Shaped Balloon When I was a little girl I adored going to the movies. I especially loved movies with a romantic plot, and a happy ending. As a child, I remember sitting in the theatre and being mesmerized by everything that was happening on the screen. Films like The Little Mermaid, Aladdin, and Beauty and the Beast made a concrete impression on my mind. Even at such a young age I loved the romance of these

The Crown Prosecution Service, Police Culture, Policies and Practices on Domestic Violence

4828 words - 20 pages The Crown Prosecution Service, Police Culture, Policies and Practices on Domestic Violence. Across the world the police have a dissatisfactory record when it comes to dealing with domestic violence. In recent years the police in England and Wales have done a great deal to improve dealing with this crime, but have they done enough? Firstly it is necessary to consider this issue from a historical perspective, secondly, the gap between changes

Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World

1089 words - 5 pages discusses the topic a lot in the story but not as much as I would have hoped. Every event is written with such detail that I cannot help but to agree with the topic at hand. That Genghis Khan and everything he did still has a impact in modern day life. The Mongol Empire furthermore helped better the world after he died and many of the things they did influenced modern life. This book is described in great detail. It states many cultural facts and

The Rise Of The Western World

719 words - 3 pages The Rise of The Western World During the sixteenth century, the world powers weren’t the same as today. At the time, no country was greater than China. China’s advanced technology, fertile and irrigated plains, great canal system, and well run administration, were some of its numerous advantages over the rival countries. Although China was unquestionably superior when compared to all other world powers, some civilizations were not far

How Public Policy, Demographics and Classic Sociological Concepts Have Shaped Our Understanding of Educational Attainment

2345 words - 10 pages may encourage and expect higher-quality work from students whom they have labelled as bright and as a result the student’s self-concepts are shaped by this definition. In this way the student’s attainment level is to some degree a result of interaction between the student and the teacher [ (Haralambos & Holborn, 2008) ]. A number of sociologists such as David Hargreaves have suggested that children are not so passive and can resist labels

What Threats Have Industrialization and Urbanization Posed to the Cohesion and Stability of the Modern State?

1590 words - 7 pages , 2010). Thus, compared with other sub-Saharan African countries, Nigeria has more large urbanized cities and the highest urban population in total. Health Threat To commence with, industrialization and urbanization have posed health threat to the modern state. Data from Nigeria unveils that direct and indirect influence of urbanization and industrialization on health conditions could be observed. For the direct influence of urbanization

Effects of Culture on Behaviours of Leaders and Followers: the Western and Eastern Countries from Hofstede's Perspective

3922 words - 16 pages management styles reflect differences in cultural values. Therefore the existence of intercultural differences in management styles requires research on this subject. Many research projects have been conducted in the last 30 years, and this paper is a short study on cross-cultural management highlightening Hofstede’s Model. This study focuses on the Western and Eastern countries according to Hofstede’s perspective which emphasises that, culture

A Comparison Between Chinese and Western Food Culture

1807 words - 8 pages difference between Chinese and western drinks. Liquor and tea are two kinds of main drinks in Han nationality. It is known to all that China is the hometown of tea, and one of the countries which invented the earliest brew technology in the world. Wine culture and tea culture have long history in China and they have become an essential part of Han national food culture in the past thousands of years. They greatly influence other countries all

Related Papers

Charities Are Outmoded Institutions That Have No Contribution To Make To Modern Society. What Is Needed Are Social Enterprises. Discuss

3452 words - 14 pages Charities are outmoded institutions that have no contribution to make to modern society. What is needed are social enterprises. Discuss. Introduction In this essay I will start by looking at definitions of both “Charities” and “Social Enterprises” before going on to look at a short history of the development of the voluntary sector in the UK. I will then move on to examine the arguments suggesting that charities have become outmoded and the

How Social Medias And Modern Technology Have Affected Today’s World?

1391 words - 6 pages Advertising Strategy How social Medias and modern technology have affected today’s world? I) The 90’s, a new communication way is born (1990-2001) a) Internet and the firsts social medias (1990-1997) b) The expansion of the market (1997-2001) jlb II) Web 2.0: a new influence for social medias (2002-2010) a) The booming market b) A new kind of addiction III) Social media: a revolutionary marketing

Iran And The Western World Economic Assignment

2194 words - 9 pages cancer patients require chemotherapy and radiotherapy which are now scarce. Iranians with serious illnesses have been put at imminent risk by the unintended consequences of international sanctions, which have led to dire shortages of life-saving medicines such as chemotherapy drugs for cancer and blood clotting agents for hemophiliacs. But then western governments have built waivers into the sanctions regime to ensure that essential medicines get

What Events And Figures Have Shaped The Development Of Islam In The United States?

348 words - 2 pages Islam has the second largest following in the world. It is the principal religion that extends from Morocco on the Atlantic through Africa and into sub-Saharan Africa, across the expanse of central and South-West Asia to deep into the Indies and Tibet. However, while the history of Islam is very long. compared to that of its presence in the United States., it is short. Though the image of what it held back in the day has been changed, it is