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Western World Essay

1336 words - 6 pages

Westen world 1
Male Statuette Statue of a Kouros (youth) Accession Number: 26.7.1410 Accession Number: 32.11.1

This essay will analyze the differences and similarities between two sculptures that are from different cultures, and time periods, namely the Greek statue of a Kouros (youth), dated to ca. 590 – 580 B.C. The Egyptian Male statuette was made between the 12th and 18th dynasties, roughly 1981–1550 B.C. There are many differences between these two cultures.
These two sculptures were chosen ...view middle of the document...

Being that the male statuette was done in an earlier time, the medium used was simply wood and has to do with how much the patron of this Egyptian sculpture could afford to spend on it. The people who were not wealthy or rich could not afford to have a sculpture done in marble as the Kouros was. The Kouros is one of the earliest surviving examples of a Greek marble sculpture. Marble was readily accessible in Greece and became a favored material for large-scale sculptures starting in the 7th century B.C. Marble is a more durable substance than wood, but it is more costly because it is difficult to carve. The dark color of the wood used to make the Egyptian statuette reflects the long-held Egyptian convention of depicting men with a dark skin tone, plausibly because they worked outside and would have been more suntanned as a result. The Kouros is currently light skin but Greek sculpture was heavily painted in its original state, but much of this has been lost over the millennia. But no one has an idea to what extend the Kouros was painted, but the pupils of the eyes as well as the hair can show that it was painted originally.
A striking similarity between these two statues is the patterned rendering of their hair, which is tucked behind the ears and widens at its ends. In the case of the Egyptian statuette it should likely be interpreted as a wig. Wigs were frequently worn in Egypt over their shaved heads to avoid the spread of lice. Generally such hairpieces were worn by the wealthy only. The statue of a Kouros is wearing a bead-like headpiece, which was more naturalistic than a wig, originally inspired by Egyptian wigs. The headpiece on the Kouros shows the strands of hair are strategically placed and aligned, which shows it, cannot be real. Greek males were known for longer hair with curls, this headpiece represented that because it is more naturalistic than a wig and shows that.
The facial expressions on both sculptures are alike but the features are a little different. The mouth on the Kouros is smaller and that of the Male Statuette is more expressive. The eyes of both pieces are emphasized. In the Egyptian Male Statuette the eyes have pupils drawn inside creating a darker shadow around the eyes. For, the Statue of a Kouros the eyes are wide with nothing drawn or carved inside, also they have marks shown that were originally painted. Both statues have strong, arching eyebrows. These features were both started from Egyptian art. Eyes were always depicted larger because the Egyptians were very religious and believed that with larger eyes the piece would represent seeing God. The Male Statuette has a wider nose, and the Kouros has a much thinner nose.
The Greeks intended to show reality rather than objective truths through their artwork. Greek art focused also on the meaning to the mythology in their art work. Human expression was the main importance by the Greeks artists. Statues created by Greek...

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