What Caused The First World War?

1526 words - 7 pages

--Did the alliance Alliance System make war more likely or less likely?The Alliance System between the European countries divided the continent into two rival groups.In 1817, Germany gained control over the region of Alsace-Lorraine as a prize for wining the Franco-Prussian War. Otto von Bismarck, the German chancellor, knew that one day, France would regain the land by getting help from the other countries. In order to prevent this, he made alliances with the other European countries.In order to isolate France, in 1872, the Three Emperor's League was made, which was an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. The Triple Alliance was then formed in 1882, which included Germany, ...view middle of the document...

Their alliance was held in 1904.France improved the relationship between Russia and Britain. Although Britain and Russia were enemies, competing for land in western Asia, because they both had a common future enemy - Germany, the two countries decided to sign an agreement to fight together in 1907. The alliance between France, Russia, and Britain developed friendship between the countries, known as the Triple Entente.The Triple Alliance was a military pact made by Germany, to prevent France from regaining the region of Alsace-Lorraine. The Triple Entente was an alliance of friendship between France, and its alliance partners. The alliance system only made war more likely, for it clearly made two rival sides. Also, alliances made domino effect, or chain reactions. If one country was attacked, the other members of the alliance got involved in the war as well, making a conflict superior.-- How far did colonial problems create tensions between the Great Powers?Although the countries were tied by the alliances, competitions in gaining control over colonies in Africa, and the military development (also know as the Arm Race) did not stop.Since Germany was the leader in military organization, the other European countries copied the universal conscription, large reserves and the detailed planning of the Prussian System. For many years, countries worked on increasing their armaments and troops (though, the Britain did not have to worry about their number of weapons, since their armies were very large already). As one country developed it armies or weapons, the other countries also did the same. Between 1870 and 1914, the armies of France and Germany doubled it size.Armies, navies, and naval forces were greatly expanded. As this happened, imperialism also increased the rivalry of the European countries. Since countries such as Great Britain, Germany, and France needed to gain new foreign markets and new sources of raw materials, they competed for economic expansion in Africa. Germany and Italy were late in entering the "race for colonies", and were desperate to catch up with Britain and France. Imperialism made colonial rivalries, and increased jealousy and mistrust among the countries.The first Morocco Crisis in 1905-1906, and the second Morocco Crisis in 1911, almost led the European countries into war. These crises made a stronger bond between Britain and France, but also worsened the relationships of two rival sides, Germany and France. The colonial problems led WWI even more likely, and developed the tension of war.-- Why were problems in the Balkans so difficult for the Great Powers to solve?The Balkans was controlled by three great powers, Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungarian Empire, and the Russian Empire. After Serbia and the other Balkan states gained independence (except for Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1878, the Slav nationalists in Serbia aimed to become more powerful and take control over the other states. Though, a belief in Pan-Slavism wanted...

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