What is Psychology?
Psychology is derived from the Greek words Psyche and logos, meaning soul and study. To Greeks, Psychology is simply a study of the soul.
Different authors define Psychology in different ways but in 1990, Feldman defines Psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. Scientific because it uses the steps in a scientific method in its quest to understand why a person behaves in a certain manner. It is systematic and empirical and it is dependent upon measurements. A scientific method generally follows the ff. steps:
1.) Identification of the Problem
2.) Formulation of Hypothesis
3.) ...view middle of the document...
Physiological Drives or Motives
These drives ar inborn and present at birth. They are essential to life.
* Hunger Drive -> a feeling of hunger will motivate a person to look for food
* Thirst Drive -> a feeling of thirst will motivate a person to look for water/liquid to maintain water level in the body
* Elimination Drive -> this drive dictates the body to release body waste or else the person will be poisoned
* Oxygen need or air-hunger -> no body would survive without oxygen
* Fatigue -> prolonged tensions, problems, frustrations, worry and boredom can cause fatigue. People has to find time to rest, relax and recreate.
* Rest and Sleep -> after a long day of chores, we get tired so our body needs this in order to regain energy and strength
* Avoidance of pain -> every normal person like to avoid pain
* sex drive ->this sex drive is not essential to life but vital for the preservation of the human species
* maternal drive -> every mammal including human mothers manifest the maternal drive in taking care of thier young.
* warmth and cold -> this is important for the maintenance of normal body temperature.
2. Psychological and Social Drives
* Parent-Child motives. Human infants need their parents to care for them and to provide for their needs, Parents perform these functions. In effect, the child becomes attached to them.
* Peer-group relations - affiliation motives. As children grow up, their environment...