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What Is Sociology Essay

1059 words - 5 pages


Sociology Reveals Facts
Hidden Truths

Critical Thinking

What is Sociology?
Sociology according to my understanding is the study of human interactions in their daily life. Sociology has impacted our society’s way of thinking, communicating and translating information across the world. Someone may ask ‘Why study Sociology?’ to start off, “sociology helps us gain a better understanding of ourselves, our social world and how much impact we have on it”. (Murray, Linden, and Kendall, 2014, p. 4). Back then in the early centuries before sociology was found people had high religious beliefs and took nature as a cause of ...view middle of the document...

Based on Comte, his theories drove deep from scientific beliefs in the theological stage relating religion and supernatural to the metaphysical stage explain abstract philosophical speculations and observations. (Murray, Linden, and Kendall, 2014, p. 9). Other late centuries sociologists like Harriet Martineau (who was the first female sociologist), Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Webber and many more. (Murray, Linden, and Kendall, 2014, p. 10-14). Each sociologist theories can be related to different key terminologies, views and perspectives that defines human behavior, like the functionalist view, conflict view, symbolic interactionist view, feminist view and many more. (Murray, Linden, and Kendall, 2014, p. 25). Some sociologists like Marx were inspired during the industrial revolution. Conducting research on social class conflict that defined the bourgeois and the proletariat groups in the society. The bourgeois who are owners/oppressors and the proletariats who are the workers/oppressed class groups (Superle T., 2014, slide 33). This brought about his theory of alienation of the proletariat in the society. Marx “predicted that the working class would become aware of its exploitation, over-throw the capitalists, and establish a free and classless society”. (Murray, Linden, and Kendall, 2014, p. 13). Marx’s theory still lives on today. A country like American shows a great example of Marx’s prediction of class conflict. From a research shown on The Young Turks, the median income in the States is way lower that it was 35 years ago, meaning the proletariats and lower class workers are forced to work over time and receive fewer payments for their labor.
Why is Sociology Important for our Society Today?
Sociology has become a big influence in society, dated back to the late centuries before sociology was introduced and discovered, people had high religious beliefs and blamed nature for when good or bad thing happened. Take for example, earthquakes and natural disasters, the people back then thought the gods were angry with them and thus, decided to punish them with natural disasters. Whereas, after sociology came in place, scientific research shows that “an earthquake is what happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip...

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