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What Were The Causes And Consequences Of The Mexican War?

719 words - 3 pages

The Mexican-American War was a "question of righteousness". On May 9th, 1846 President James K. Polk delivered a war message to Congress, stating that "Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory, and shed American blood upon the American soil." President Polk sent John slidel to Mexico to negotiate a settlement. Slidell was authorized to purchase California and New Mexico, part of which was claimed by Texas, and to offer the U.S. government's assumption of liability for the claims of U.S. citizens in return for boundary adjustments. When Mexico declined to negotiate, the United States prepared to take by force what it could not achieve by diplomacy. The war between the United States and Mexico had two basic causes, Manifest destiny and the U.S. annexation of Texas, which led to further conflict between the North and the South and indirectly caused the civil war. Americans ...view middle of the document...

The North and South each wanted the nation to admit new states that supported its section's economic, political, and slave policies. So in order to do so, they needed to take over lands in the west, speicifically Texas, Oregon, and California. This led to the annexation of Texas. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, required Mexico to give up their Territory to the U.S. and in turn pay Mexico 15 million dollars. Property owners wer upset for their lost land, because Mexico didn't have to pay U.S. citizens their lost property. Manifest destiny and the U.S. annexation of Texas is was caused the Mexican War to erupt.The continual conflict between The North and South led to stress of popular sovereignty in the new states and the civil war. When Texas was given to The U.S. it emmidiately became a slave state. The North and South disputed over , whether California should be free, slave, or consider popular sovereignty. The annexation of texas caused the further stress of popular sovereignty in the open states of California, Oregon and Texas. Even after getting the land they wanted, the U.S. was too busy fighting with themselves to even settle on how these states were going to be run. The U.S. finally came to it's senses when Abraham Lincoln said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand.". The U.S. realized that the government couldnt endure a half slave, half free. Therefore proving the fact that the The Mexican war indirectly caused the Civil war to errupt. The civil war and stress of popular sovereignty were both consequences to the Mexican War. Manifest Destiny and The U.S. annexation of Texas led to the Mexican war and the Mexican war led to stress of popular sovereignty and the Civil War. When the U.S. decided to move westward, they should have foreseen all that was going to happen. The war with Mexico, and the Civil war should have been expected. Though Manifest Destiny did expand the U.S. from the Atlantic to the Pacific, it also stressed popular sovereignty in the undecided states of texas, california, and Oregon, which later led to the Civil War.

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