What Were The Causes Of The English Civil War?

479 words - 2 pages

Question: What were the causes of the English Civil War?Answer:The English Civil War broke out upon the establishment of James I (or James VI of Scotland) to the English crown. James was a philosopher of royal absolutism and sought to breathe life into his ideals by establishing what he dubbed a "free" monarchy over all of England. This "free" monarchy was in reference to the king's absolute power being free of any outside influence or control by the Parliament, the Church, or any previous customary laws--basically, the king inherited his divine right to rule from God, and therefore was responsible only to God, and ...view middle of the document...

Unhappy with the refusal of the (mostly Puritan) Parliament, James and later Charles, threatened the existence of the Puritans and, following the course of the rest of the period, pushed England into Civil War on what, on the surface, appeared as religious differences. However, the English Civil War was not merely a religious conflict, for the Puritan Parliament were also the landowners, and the rising of taxes to fund the royal objectives, and later the "ship money" that raised taxes and declared that all cities, not just the coastal ones, would help furnish the royal navy, were encroachments on the authority, wealth, and security of the Parliament members. The Parliament felt all matters of taxes fell to them, and the king protested that they fell to the monarchy--naturally, neither would concede, and so the threat of "harrying" the Puritans out began, and the revolt of Scotland was the first of the rebellions. After Charles called upon Parliament to raise money to crush the rebellion and was refused, he called for a reelection of the Parliament, which the masses answered by electing the exact same representatives, and thus secured the strength of the Parliament. Soon after, the Parliament called for the execution of the royal advisers, abolished the Star Chamber and the High Commission, and flat out civil war resulted--the north and west flocking to the king's banner and the south and east allying with the Parliament.

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